Thai Date Converter

Excel serial day: 1900 Date System (PC): / 1904 Date System (Macintosh): Adapted from Formilab's Calendar Converter . For information regarding any of the above calendars, please click on the link above. Muslim Date - AH 1434. ١٤٣٤. Muslim Date - 2013 Our Apps. 90 Days Report Calculator Know when you are due for your 90 Days Report in Immigration, Thailand; Thai Taxi Fare Calculator Calculate the aproximate price for a metered taxi ride in Thailand before hand.; Thai Year Converter Convert and calculate between Thai Year and Gregorian Year easily. • Use current calculator (page) to convert date from Thai Buddhist to Gregorian calendar. Simply enter date in a valid calendar/date format and click ‘Convert’. • For converting dates to other calendar select required calendar or region from the dropdown list (combo), enter a valid date and click convert How Thai year is calculated Thai year showing on coins is counted from the death of the Buddha in 545 BC. For this reason, you'll often find in front of the year 'พ.ศ.' which is the abbreviation for 'Buddhist era'. As an example, the coin on the right reads 'พ.ศ. ๒๕๔๗' which means '2547 of the Buddhist era', that is 2004. Converter Thai numbers: Dates on Thai coins are read from left to right. = 2549. Late 19 th and early 20 th century coins used two different numbering systems CS and RS.. Typical CS date: = 1244 + 638 = 1882 AD. This number system originates from the creation of Siam as a country in 638 AD. Note about the endings of the months: all months having thirty days end with - ยน.All months having thirty-one days end with - คม.Feburary alone ends with - พันธ์.The months are named after the signs of the Zodiac. In Thailand, the year is often shown in buddhist year, rather than the Gregorian system used in the West. Thai buddhist date converter scrub architectes thai date converter kadernictvojanka sk thai date converter rme cbr pl tool thai to year converter bangkok has you thb to ngn convert thai baht nigerian naira currency hong kong dollar hkd to thai baht thb exchange rates today fx. Country: Thailand Denomination: 5 baht Year: ๒๕๓๘ ⇆ 1995. Country: Thailand Denomination: 10 baht Year: ๒๕๔๘ ⇆ 2005. Country: Thailand Denomination: 5 baht Year: ๒๕๓๑ ⇆ 1988 About the Thai solar calendar. The Thai solar calendar, Suriyakhati was adopted by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in AD 1888 as the Siamese version of the Gregorian calendar. It is the legal calendar in Thailand, though Thai lunar calendar dates continue in use. Years are now counted in the Buddhist Era that is 543 years greater than the Christian ...

Unreached People Group of the Week - Awjilah of Libya

2020.10.05 16:05 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Awjilah of Libya

Welcome to this weeks version of UPG of the Week! This week I decided to look at Africa some, since I'm usually only looking at Asia and the Middle East. This week, meet the Awjilah people of Libya!
How Unreached Are They?
The Awjilah people are 0.00% Christian. Theoretically there are no Christians among them.
Edit: That means out of their population of 2,000-7,000 (Joshua Project and Wikipedia respectively), there are 0 Christians.
Joshua Project says this about Bible translation:
Bible Translation Status: Unspecified
But as they learn Arabic, pray for them to find Arabic bibles.
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
It was genuinely hard to find info about these people so here is what wikipedia gave me....
Today the main activities of the people in Awjila are agriculture and working for the oil sector companies, as this area is the cradle of Libyan wealth. The main crops are dates from the many varieties of palm trees, tomatoes, and cereals. The Awjila oasis is known for the high quality of its dates. Starting in the 1960s, the oil industry drove growth in the once-sleepy village. In 1968 the population of the village was about 2,000 people, but by 1982 it had risen to over 4,000, supported by twelve mosques. A 2007 travel guide gives the population as 6,790.
The Great Mosque of Atiq is the oldest masjed (mosque) in the Sahara with its unique style of architecture with rooms that are naturally air conditioned. In the scorching heat of the summer days the rooms are cool and at night they are warm. The oasis was a destination for viewing the Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006. Wikipedia
History Lesson
Awjila is an oasis town in the Al Wahat District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya, on the east-west caravan route between Egypt and Tripoli. This oasis is mentioned by Herodotus (c. 484 – 425 BC). From the Arab conquest in the 7th century, Islam has played an important role in the community. The Great Mosque of Atiq is the oldest masjed (mosque) in the Sahara with a unique style of architecture. The people are shifting from the Awjilah language to Arabic. Joshua Project
And then Wikipedia about the Oasis
The Awjila (Augila) oasis is mentioned by Herodotus (c. 484 – 425 BC). He describes the nomadic Nasamones who migrated between the coasts of Syrtis Major and the Augila oasis, where they may have exacted tribute from the local people. Herodotus says it was a journey of ten days from the oasis of Ammonium, modern Siwa, to the oasis of Augila. This distance was confirmed by the German explorer Friedrich Hornemann (1772–1801), who covered the distance in nine days, although caravans normally take 13 days. In the summer the Nasamones left their flocks by the coast and travelled to the oasis to gather dates. There were other permanent inhabitants of the oasis.
Ptolemy (c. 90 – 168) implies that the Greek colonists had forced the Nasamones to leave the coast and take up residence in Augila. Procopius, writing around 562, says that even in his day sacrifices continued to be made to Ammon and to Alexander the Great of Macedon in two Libyan cities that were both called Augila. He was probably referring to what are now El Agheila on the Gulf of Sirte and the oasis of Awjilah. According to Procopius the temples of the oasis were converted into Christian churches by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (c. 482 – 565). The 6th-century geographer Stephanus of Byzantium described Augila as a city.
In the 10th century Awjila was a stage on the trading route between the Ibadi Berber capital of Zuwayla in the Fezzan and the newly established Fatimid capital of Cairo in Egypt. The east-west caravan route from Cairo to Tripoli, the Fezzan and Tunis went via Jaghbub, Jalu and Awjila. In the early Mamluk era (13th century), trade from Egypt was along a route that led via Awjila to the Fezzan, and then on to Kanem, Bornu and to cities such as Timbuktu on the Niger bend. Awjila became the main market for slaves from these regions. Most of these slaves supplied domestic needs. Gold was purchased from Bambouk and Bouré in what is now Senegal but then was part of the Mali Empire of the Mandinka people. In exchange, Egypt exported textiles.
During the Ottoman period in Egypt, Awjila lay on the route taken by pilgrims traveling from Timbuktu via Ghat, Ghadames and the Fezzan, avoiding the main Ottoman centers. In 1639 Awjila came under the rule of the Turkish ruler of Tripolitania, who stationed a permanent garrison at Benghazi. In the 18th century, the merchants of Awjila held a monopoly over the trade between Cairo and the Fezzan. Wikipedia
What do they believe?
The Awjilah are 100% Muslim.
How Can We Pray For Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Awjilah Libya 10/05/2020 Islam
Manihar India 09/28/2020 Islam
Tianba China 09/21/2020 Animism
Arab Qatar 09/14/2020 Islam
Turkmen Turkmenistan 08/31/2020 Islam
Lyuli Uzbekistan 08/24/2020 Islam
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 08/17/2020 Islam*
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached
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2020.10.05 15:09 origamidreaming I am 33 years old making $335,000, live in London, and work as a lawyer

This is my first MD, a little scary! I've been reading Refinery29 for ages and found this group after the disappointing, fake lawyer MD from "Salt Lake City".
Section One: Assets and Debt
I'm single so all amounts are my own, although I've had help from my parents at various points in my life (which I'll note) and I'm very lucky to also have them to support me if life goes completely to the gutter. Everything in this diary is converted into USD and rounded (to the nearest cent for the diary, but nearest $1k more generally) for simplicity using google's exchange rates when I was writing this over the last week.
Section Two: Income
On income progression, I've been working as a lawyer for 10 years:
Section Three: Expenses
Section 4: Diary
DAY 1 SUNDAY - $33.50
I wake up at 7 am . . . My biological clock in COVID times is all sorts of messed up, and I feel like I've been sleep deprived for months. Doggo hears me moving in bed and jumps up for a 15 minute cuddle. I then put on a coat and take her outside for a bathroom break. I feed Doggo and make a cup of tea for myself and then go back to bed.
By bed, I mean I scroll through IG and the news for an hour. I doze off eventually and then wake up at 10:30 for a second cuddle session. I finally get dressed while listening to NPR's Consider This. I'm 4 episodes behind, it's the perfect start to the morning. I make avocado toast with a fried egg at 11:15.
I head out to walk Doggo for an hour at noon and regret it 15 minutes in. London has skipped Fall, it feels very much like Winter and I'm not prepared. By the end of the walk, I'm sniffling behind my mask. I treat myself to a blueberry financier from my local cafe ($4.72). I eat half of the cake at home with a second cup of tea, decaffeinated this time, and also eat a box of cherries. Doggo eats her lunch and then passes out.
I spend most of the afternoon decluttering, I go through and organise, swapping out seasonal clothes. I have been watching the Home Edit on Netflix and am obsessed!!! I'm thinking of placing an IKEA/Amazon order for "Product" but hold off. Amazon delivery guy drops off a parcel at 3 pm -- I bought a plant saucer and a trio of pots last week. I've been growing some plants on my patio but now that it's getting cold, need to bring them all in. I spend an hour repotting some herbs. I place a second order for the pots and saucer as they're perfect for the remaining herbs ($28.78).
At 6:30, I make myself some skillet pizza with a side salad for dinner, and eat while addressing some weekend work emails for about 30 minutes. I hop into the shower at 7:30 and spend my evening with a face mask and the Home Edit. Doggo gets her last walk at 9 pm, and then we head to bed. I have a hard time falling asleep so I light a candle, move the phone to another room, and lie in bed for hours.
DAY 2 MONDAY - $0
I wake up at 7:30 am and take Doggo out, make myself a cup of tea, and eat the leftover cake along with strawberries for breakfast. I start work at 8 am, replying to emails and reviewing memos until 10, when I have an hour call with one of my direct reports.
After the call, I take Doggo out to the park for an hour. I keep an eye on emails, but nothing too exciting comes up as I work for an American company and it's still early there. When we get back, I heat up leftover pizza for lunch at noon and dive back into work. I start a marathon of calls from 1:30 pm to 4 pm, and then finally turn to other work.
The Amazon delivery guy arrives at 5pm, I take a 30 minute break to repot the remaining herbs before the sun sets, and then head back to work until 7 pm. I feel lazy so make myself avocado toast, peel an orange and eat a spoon of nutella for dinner. I spend the evening listening to the How I Built This podcast and watching the last episode of The House Edit. I'm in bed by 10.
DAY 3 TUESDAY - $46.27
I wake up at 7 am and take Doggo out -- big mistake not wearing a raincoat, so we make it as quick as possible. Doggo gets her breakfast while I make a cup of tea and eat two portions of strawberry yogurt. I work from 7:30-8:15, and then head out to take Doggo to the vet. I'm back home at 9:30, but sadly without Doggo who has been having leg issues this year. The vet recommended that she stay with them until the afternoon for x-rays. Thank goodness for pet insurance, the x-rays cost $940 but it is all covered by the insurer as I've already met my deductible.
I work from 10 to 12 before taking a quick 15 minute break to make some noodles (Thai inspired peanut noodles -- I made the sauce last week and defrosted overnight). I eat my meal while browsing Reddit and various blogs, and then spend another 15 minutes vacuuming the flat (Doggo sheds!).
I restart work at 1 pm until I pick Doggo up at 5 pm, she's lethargic from being sedated and the vet recommends booking her in for surgery (another £2,600 covered by the insurer). I join a call from 6-7 and then finish addressing other work emails that are time sensitive.
I stop work at 8 pm and let my friends, family and the dog walker know about Doggo's upcoming surgery next week. I'm stressed and decide to place an order on Glossier for cloud paint, balm dotcom and stretch concealer. I use a 10% coupon and it comes out to $46.27. I wash up, browse through the news, and go to bed at 10:30 pm.
DAY 4 WEDNESDAY - $59.02
I wake up at 7:30 am and take Doggo out, the morning is lovely today (bright blue skies, air nice and crisp!). I work for 45 minutes from 8 while eating granola with milk, and then head to the farmers’ market for some groceries. Meanwhile, the dog walker comes by at 9 to take Doggo to the park (cost is included in my monthly expenses). I ended up buying daikon, coleslaw, brioche rolls, pork ribs, roast turkey, gouda, and salmon ($26.97).
I come back from grocery shopping to see a delivery of flowers ($32.05). This is a subscription service where I get a delivery about once every three weeks (approximately how long they. last), but I’ll skip if I don’t like the arrangement. I used to not buy flowers, but it's given me such joy this year. This weeks’ arrangement includes pale pink roses, snowberries, bright pink alstroemeria, purple irises, white lisianthus and eucalyptus.
Doggo comes back from her walk, and she goes to sleep while I restart work. I do a load of laundry at noon, take a 30 minute yoga break, and then make myself a sandwich with coleslaw, turkey, sliced cheese (thank you to the CupofJo blog for the idea, delicious). I finish off the rest of the nutella. Doggo also gets her lunch and a bit of playtime. I dive back into work at 1 pm after putting my clothes in the dryer. I'm on back to back calls from 4 to 6, and then end my workday at 6:30. I make myself some ramen spruced up with bok choi and salad onions from my indoor herb garden.
I decide to shower early at 8 and then watch Schitt's Creek while reading up on the news (last night's debate, omg). I decide to go to bed at 10:30 and pop Doggo into her crate and try locking the door. It's a disaster, she cries and whimpers until 2 am. I wasn't expecting it to be this bad: she used to sleep in a locked crate as a baby and, even as an adult, alternates between sleeping in the crate (unlocked) and on my bed. Once she has her surgery, she'll need to sleep in a locked crate for two months while her legs heal as jumping will undo all the good work. It's devastating and I can't sleep either, I think I fall asleep at 3 am but who knows when.
DAY 5 THURSDAY - $123.76
I'm exhausted but my body wakes up at 7 am anyways. Doggo is quite happy and seems not exhausted at all. I take her for a short walk, give her breakfast, make myself some tea and get to work at 7:30 -- I'll nap later if I can. I catch up on emails, review some documents, and look at candidate resumes for a role that's open on my team. I break at 9:30 to fry an egg to eat with toast and a second cup of tea. I take a 45 minute call at 10, which results in a massive headache (mostly because of the 4 or so hours of sleep, but the call was a mess too). I decide to take Doggo out so we can both get some fresh air.
At noon, I get a delivery of plants that I purchased last week! This makes me so happy and motivated to work again. If anyone else is as plant obsessed, I bought Zamioculcas zamiifolia, polyscias fabian, sansevieria moonshine, clusia princess and a new pot. I take a break at 1 pm to eat a lunch of daikon soup and ribs (leftover, defrosted from last week), which watching Criminal on Netflix. It's the French series, I've already finished the UK set. I also feed Doggo her lunch inside her crate with the door locked, a little bit of whimpering but so much better.
Back to work at 2 pm with back to back calls from 2:30-4:30 (way too many calls in COVID times). I finish work at 6:30 after my last call is cancelled. At 7 pm, the doorbell rings again -- my groceries are here! I order online once every two weeks and supplement with weekly trips to the farmers market. Today's grocery bill is $82.27 for baby wipes (for Doggo), toilet paper, hand gel x2, shampoo x2, kleenex x2, toothbrush heads, decaf tea bags, soy sauce, chilli oil, sugar, peanut butter, rice noodles, tomatoes, onions, chicken thigh, melon, salad onions, pizza, mandarins, green beans, bananas, grapes, broccoli.
After unpacking my groceries, I buy a box of roasted cauliflower and greek salad from the cafe downstairs for dinner ($9.67). I place an order for Doggo from Amazon: some powder for small cuts to add to our first-aid kit and a raised dog bowl (supposedly better for her spine) totalling $31.82. We do some training in the evening (tricks for treats!) so she's nice and tired, cuddle in the bed while watching Schitt's Creek, and then I place her into the crate (minimal crying for about 10 minutes tonight, thank you Doggo).
DAY 6 FRIDAY - $45.61
I wake up at 7:30 am, take Doggo out quickly and start a laundry cycle for my sheets, duvet cover and pillow covers. At 8 am, the cleaner comes to do a much better job than I can (included in monthly expenses) and also makes my bed (is anyone else useless at putting duvets in duvet covers?). I give Doggo her breakfast, make myself a cup of tea and I eat some leftover carrot cake. I work from 8:30 to 11, when the cleaner leaves, with a break in between to put the laundry into the dryer.
Doggo gets a 15 minute walk (it's pouring!) and then we both eat lunch. I make an arugula salad, with tomatoes, mozzarella and mint & balsamic dressing. I read Lean In for an hour while eating. Yes, I know I'm late to the book club but was curious after seeing all of the comments!
I restart work at 12:30 and end at 5:30 to quickly walk Doggo in the rain and then play with her. I leave her with dinner at 6 and then take an Uber to Boy's place (it's our 4th date). I've been disappointed with Londoners on the tube as many people don't wear masks or don't do it properly so prefer to walk or take Ubers even though it's obviously more expensive.
Boy has been cooking up a storm, we polish off a bottle of wine and then some more, a tomato salad and pasta with lots of cheese. I Uber back right before midnight ($45.61 for two Ubers), I'm not concerned about the Uber turning into a pumpkin but I would never leave Doggo by herself. Sorry Boy (and boys generally), I don't do sleepovers without Doggo. Doggo is the happiest girl and I'm feeling pretty good myself, so we go on a long midnight walk and then some playtime at home. I'm not in bed until 2 am.
DAY 7 SATURDAY - $17.96
I wake up at 10 am and Doggo and I head to the park. The skies don't look great, so we keep the walk relatively short and choose not to take a detour into the farmers market. It's the right decision as it starts pouring at around 11 once we're home. Doggo gets her lunch, while I make myself a BLT with some grapes. I then spend an hour catching up on work emails that came in Friday (evening London time, but business hours America time). I draft a couple of responses so they're ready to go, but wait to send them until Monday. Weekend emails are the worst.
I text Boy to say thank you again for the dinner, we flirt a bit and then I get on a call with a group of my best friends at 2 pm to catch up. We all turn the video off because of Zoom fatigue but just hearing their voices is perfect. I spend the afternoon reading up on surgery aftercare for Doggo and place an order for a cold press and an inflatable pet collar that looks soft so that Doggo won't need to wear the cone of shame ($17.96). I then finish Lean In and also go through Criminal (France) on Netflix.
At 7 pm, I start making dinner (salmon with honey and sriracha plus a side salad) and call my brother in Vancouver in the evening to catch up over my dinner and his breakfast. I shower early, put on a face mask, and watch When Harry Met Sally. Doggo joins me during the movie to enjoy some belly rubs, takes her last walk and then we're both in bed by 10:30.
TOTAL SPEND: $326.12
This week wasn't too unusual apart from Doggo's costs. Apart from food and treats when we're running low I rarely buy anything for her anymore as we've accumulated a ton of toys, leads, etc. Pre-COVID times I spent more money on transport and food (as I used to eat out for my lunch almost every day in the office), but less money on home and health (I have bought so many plants and spruced up some of my decorations). The beauty purchase is a once a month cost, but I would spend that money in other categories other weeks.
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2020.09.21 17:20 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Tianba of China

I cut my finger open like a big dummy while I was making apple pie with my girlfriend this weekend so most of today will be copy paste but now introducing the Tianba of China!
How Unreached Are They?
Joshua Project has the Tianba at 0.00% Christian. That is inaccurate. However I do not have accurate numbers other than knowing that isn't accurate. So, there are at least a handful of believers in their population of 111,000.
There is a New Testament in their language/dialect! (However most of them cannot read)
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
The Tianba, as well as most of the Nosu, are traditionally farmers in the mountains. They farm soy, rice, rape seed, and a bunch of other stuff. They keep sheep, goats, water buffalo, and chickens. They are not limited to the old one child policy that China had, so many of them have at least 3 siblings, if not more. They are mostly animist (more on that later). Many of the Nosu peoples have a strong tendency to alcoholism, with the men drinking together all day and the women doing much of the work.
The Tianba Nosu have been influenced by Chinese culture more than the other Nosu groups in Sichuan, although they still retain their traditional dress and most of their ceremonies and customs.
About the Yinuo
Because of the distinctive style of dress formerly worn by the Yinuo Nosu, the region they inhabit is generally known as the "broad-legged trousers region." In the past, the striking characteristic of men's garments was the broad bottoms of the trouser legs. The men no longer where these in daily life. Sometimes there are culture festivals where traditional costumes are worn. The women's traditional dress, however, is still very much in use and can be seen on the streets every day. Women also like to wear wide pleated skirts. The number of pleats sometimes comes to more than one hundred. Girls wear multicolored headscarfs made of black cloth. Married women increase the layers of their headscarfs. After having a baby, they wear leaf-shaped bonnets.
History Lesson
Violent conflict, intertribal and interclan warfare, and the taking of slaves were commonplace among the various branches of the Nosu until recently. When preparing for war, clear rules were followed by the Tianba Nosu. These included "sending out a wooden tablet calling on all members of the clan, its tenants, serfs, and slaves to assemble; each family would assent by making a mark on the tablet; tallying the marks would indicate how large a fighting force might be expected. War costumes were extremely colorful: some wore hats of woven bamboo covered with white cloth, thin woolen felts and yellow satin, with animal hair that would wave in the wind; they would carefully prepare their hair, interweaving it with a strip of cloth and tying it into a horn just above the forehead; some would cap this with a sheep horn wrapped in colorful silk and red pompons. ... The Yi [Nosu] would run forward, shout out their names, and challenge their enemies to fight. The War songs were equally aweinspiring: 'We are the famous Black Nosu! We are the tigers who eat up human flesh! We are the butchers who skin people alive! We are the supermen!'" Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The religious world of the Tianba Nosu is a complicated mixture of polytheism, animism, and ancestor worship. Because of Chinese influence, elements of Buddhism and Daoism are also present. Joshua Project
How can we pray for them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Tianba China 09/21/2020 Animism
Arab Qatar 09/14/2020 Islam
Turkmen Turkmenistan 08/31/2020 Islam
Lyuli Uzbekistan 08/24/2020 Islam
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 08/17/2020 Islam*
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 14:37 TheEverCurious Deathbed conversions and funeral rites

I need a bit of advice from the SG reddit committee with regards to an elderly member of my family whose medical condition hasn't been great to say the least, combined with family politics, differences in religion and opinions, has caused a lot of grief to my spouse.
My spouse has only has one parent left, who is uneducated, and has been plagued with health and mental issues over the years that we have been married. My spouse is the primary caretaker and her siblings contribute financially, but have more or less stopped visiting and acknowledging that my in-law exists due to issues of face where they are afraid that if their friends know what their parent has mental issues, it would bring shame upon them.
At this point, one of my spouse's sibling's children has a kid and my in-law has to this date, never met the great grand child and due to the COVID situation, probably never will before passing away. Most of my in-law's children and grandchildren have never visited during the many times of hospitalization.
My in-law has been a Buddhist her entire life time and her children consist of a mix of other religions. Due to differences in religion, one of my spouse's sibling has managed to convince my in-law to change religions, which in the face of impending death, is an extremely predatory move. This is not against the religion but on that particularly sibling as I have obvious doubts about any sort of filial piety.
My in-law seems to have no real understanding of what is required in this religious conversion, other than being convinced that there's no background nor learning requirements needed and that going to heaven is an assured thing, and that the funeral costs may be cheaper and doesn't seem to understand that their original death rite intentions will deviate (which is to be interred next to their late partner and spending the afterlife together).
That particular sibling is most likely going to leave my spouse to handle things once they have accomplished their contribution of converting my in-law to their religion.
But that's not the point of this post, since this is a decision made by my in-law (who admittedly is easily swayed by the wishes of their children), but on the logistical aspects of it.
I would like advice on the following:
This discussion has occurred multiple times whenever that particular sibling of my spouse shows up, but my in-law seems determined to go thru this time round and we decided to respect the decision, whatever it may be.
Any help and advice is appreciated and apologies if the post seems a bit incoherent.
I am acutely aware that religion is a sensitive thing, and that it's ultimately based on the wishes of the individual, so I do apologise if this post offended anyone.
[Edit] Thank you for your comments and PMs. Your responses have helped to provide some directions for us to look into and it's really appreciated.
submitted by TheEverCurious to singapore [link] [comments]


2020.08.31 19:26 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Turkmen of Turkmenistan

I realized that I have never done any people group from Turkmenistan so here is the largest people group in Turkmenistan, the Turkmen people
How Unreached Are They?
The Turkmen are only 0.05% Christian. That means out of the 4,577,000 people, there are roughly only 2280 believers. On a different scale, that means for every 2,000 unbelievers there is only one single believer. Can you just imagine being that alone in such a massive population?
There is a completed bible in their language!
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
For centuries the Turkmen lived as nomadic herdsmen. Their society was characterized by a distinct economic division between the cattlemen and farmers. This division was present in almost every tribe, settlement, and family. However, seventy years of Soviet rule has virtually eliminated their nomadic life-style. The socialization of farmland has changed their traditional settlement patterns, and movement into the cities has naturally weakened their customs and traditions.
Tribal loyalties continue to have a strong influence over the people. The largest descent group is the tribe, then the clan, then the family. Members of a tribe are bound by a strong sense of family loyalty. Tribal loyalty is reinforced by the fact that the Turkmen will only marry within their tribes. Arranged marriages are common, and families often intermarry to preserve wealth. Although there have been political and economic changes through the years, less changes have occurred in the areas of family life and religion.
The Turkmen are especially known for their brisk trade in the bazaars, where many samples of their handicrafts can be found. Some of these include metal and wooden household utensils, tools, and furniture. Many have also supplemented their income by producing intricately designed carpets. Oil and gas production are the major sources of wealth.
Turkmen tend to be physically strong and easily able to endure the harshness of the environment. They are characterized by their hospitality, sincerity, and trustworthiness; however, they are also known as being hot-headed and revengeful.
Men usually wear baggy trousers, coarse shirts, boots, and wool hats. Women love wearing jewelry, especially anklet and bracelets. They cover their heads with cloth, like turbans that are also adorned with jewelry. Joshua Project
Turkmen literature comprises oral compositions and written texts in old Oghuz Turkic and Turkmen languages. Turkmens have joint claims to a great number of literary works written in Old Oghuz Turkic and Persian (by Seljuks in 11-12th centuries) languages with other people of the Oghuz Turkic origin, mainly of Azerbaijan and Turkey. This works include, but are not limited to the Book of Dede Korkut, Gorogly and others. The medieval Turkmen literature was heavily influenced by Arabic and Persian, and used mostly Arabic alphabet.
There is general consensus, however, that distinctively Turkmen literature originated in 18th century with the poetry of Magtymguly Pyragy, who is considered the father of the Turkmen literature. Other prominent Turkmen poets of that era are Döwletmämmet Azady (Magtymguly's father), Nurmuhammet Andalyp, Abdylla Şabende, Şeýdaýy, Mahmyt Gaýyby and Gurbanaly Magrupy.
Characteristics of traditional Turkmen cuisine are rooted in the largely nomadic nature of day-to-day life prior to the Soviet period coupled with a long local tradition, dating back millennia before the arrival of the Turkmen in the region, of white wheat production. Baked goods, especially flat bread (Turkmen: çörek) typically baked in a tandoor, make up a large proportion of the daily diet, along with cracked wheat porridge (Turkmen: ýarma), wheat puffs (Turkmen: pişme), and dumplings (Turkmen: börek). Since sheep-, goat-, and camel husbandry are traditional mainstays of nomadic Turkmen, mutton, goat meat, and camel meat were most commonly eaten, variously ground and stuffed in dumplings, boiled in soup, or grilled on spits in chunks (Turkmen: şaşlyk) or as fingers of ground, spiced meat (Turkmen: kebap). Rice for plov was reserved for festive occasions. Due to lack of refrigeration in nomad camps, dairy products from sheep-, goat-, and camel milk were fermented to keep them from spoiling quickly. Fish consumption was largely limited to tribes inhabiting the Caspian Sea shoreline. Fruits and vegetables were scarce, and in nomad camps limited mainly to carrots, squash, pumpkin, and onions. Inhabitants of oases enjoyed more varied diets, with access to pomegranate, fig, and stone fruit orchards; vineyards; and of course melons. Areas with cotton production could use cottonseed oil and sheep herders used fat from the fat-tailed sheep. The major traditional imported product was tea. Wikipedia
History Lesson
Türkmens were definitely mentioned near the end of the 10th century A.D in Islamic literature by the Arab geographer al-Muqaddasi in Ahsan Al-Taqasim Fi Ma'rifat Al-Aqalim. In his work, which was completed in 987 A.D, al-Muqaddasi writes about Turkmens twice while depicting the region as the frontier of the Muslim possessions in Central Asia.
Earlier references to Türkmen might be trwkkmˀn (if not trkwmˀn "translator"), mentioned in an 8th century Sogdian letter and 特拘夢 Tejumeng, another name of Sogdia, besides Suyi 粟弋 and Sute 粟特, according to Chinese encylopedia Tongdian. However, even if 特拘夢 might have transcribed Türkmen, these "Türkmens" might be Karluks instead of modern Türkmens' Oghuz-speaking ancestors.
Towards the end of the 11th, in Divânü Lügat'it-Türk (Compendium of the Turkic Dialects), Mahmud Kashgari uses “Türkmen” synonymously with “Oğuz”. He describes Oghuz as a Turkic tribe and says that Oghuz and Karluks were both known as Turkmens.
The modern Turkmen people descend from the Oghuz Turks of Transoxiana, the western portion of Turkestan, a region that largely corresponds to much of Central Asia as far east as Xinjiang. Famous historian and ruler of Khorezm of the XVII century Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur links the origin of all Turkmens to 24 Oghuz tribes in his literary work "Genealogy of the Turkmens".
In the 7th century AD, Oghuz tribes had moved westward from the Altay mountains through the Siberian steppes, and settled in this region. They also penetrated as far west as the Volga basin and the Balkans. These early Turkmens are believed to have mixed with native Sogdian peoples and lived as pastoral nomads until being conquered by the Russians in the 19th century.
Migration of the Turkmen tribes from the territory of Turkmenistan and the rest of Central Asia in the south-west direction began mainly from the 11th century and continued until the 18th century. These Turkmen tribes played a significant role in the ethnic formation of such peoples as Turks, Turkmens of Iraq and Syria, as well as the Turkic population of Iran and Azerbaijan. To preserve their independence, those tribes that remained in Turkmenistan were united in military alliances, although remnants of tribal relations remained until the 20th century. Their traditional occupations were farming, cattle breeding, and various crafts. Ancient samples of applied art (primarily carpets and jewelry) indicate a high level of folk art culture. Wikipedia
And then:
The majority of Turkmen live in Turkmenistan, which is located in south Central Asia along the Caspian Sea. Many others live in the surrounding Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan. Their culture has been strongly influenced in the past by both the Turkic conquerors, who imposed their language on them, and the Arabs, who forced them to convert to Islam. Long ago, they developed a strong ethnic identity as "children of the desert" because they would plunder rich caravans of Persian traders.
In the 17th century, the Turkmen, or Trukhmens as they were called in Russia, migrated into the Caucasus. Turkmen use Russian as their literary language. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The Turkmen people are largely Muslim. Joshua Project gives us this insight into their religious history
Nestorian Christians entered Turkmenistan in the fourth century A.D.; by the beginning of the fourteenth century, though, any lingering trace of Christianity had been totally replaced by Islam. This transition gradually came to influence the political, civil, and economic lives of the people.
In 1928, the Soviet authorities launched an anti-religious campaign aimed at the complete destruction of Islam among the Turkmen. The campaign was the harshest and most violent of all anti-Islamic attacks in Central Asia. Today, despite the outward conformity to Islam, mysticism and other past religious traditions are still prevalent.
How can we pray for them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Turkmen Turkmenistan 08/31/2020 Islam
Lyuli Uzbekistan 08/24/2020 Islam
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 08/17/2020 Islam*
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.08.17 16:24 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Kyrgyz in Kyrgyzstan

Picking the people group with one of the the coolest flags ever today! Went with the largest people group in Kyrgyzstan this week, so, meet the Kyrgyz of Kyrgyzstan!
How Unreached Are They?
The Kyrgyz are 0.09% Christian. For those of us that hate math, that means out of their population of 4,689,000, there are probably only about 4,200 believers in the entire country. That means there is roughly only one believer for ever 1000 non-believers. Gosh, thats such a small number of believers in such a large area.
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
Since the land is generally unsuitable for farming, many rural Kyrgyz live as nomadic cattle raisers, following their herds from pasture to pasture. They depend entirely on their animals for survival. Fortunately, they have particularly hardy and adaptable breeds of sheep, goats, yaks, horses, and camels. The animals are used for both food and exchange. They also provide the only means of transportation.
The nomads travel as extended family units and live in portable felt tents, or yurts. The summers are short on the plateau, and there are only about 60 days in which the ground is not covered in snow. During this season, the families tend to camp close together. However, during the winter months, families live scattered away from each other so that they might best utilize the scarce grassland.
The Kyrgyz women enjoy more freedoms than do most other Central Asian women. For example, they are not required to wear veils. They are allowed to talk to men, and they may freely ride about on the grasslands. They work hard, and their position in the household is considered important and respected.
Women are held in high esteem once they are married. However, bride stealing is still in practice in the region. A young man may abduct a single woman off the streets and take her home. Once she has spent one night there, she is presumed to have lost her maidenhood and therefore is unwanted by other men in society. She becomes a "kelin" or a new bride for the first year and she is unable to even speak the name of her father-in-law. She is a live-in servant and expected to get pregnant within the first year. Once she has borne children, she moves up in status. This practice is most common in rural areas, but sometimes women are stolen from the cities and taken to the villages.
The men devote themselves almost entirely to caring for the animals. They dress in baggy leather pants and coarse shirts. Outer coats made of cotton or wool are also worn. Embroidered felt skull caps are common; however, on important occasions, the wealthier men may wear tall steeple-crowned hats made of felt or velvet and embroidered with gold. Their favorite gear includes their belts, saddles, and bridles, which are sometimes covered with gold and precious stones. While the women dress in the same style clothing as the men, their shirts are usually longer and go all the way down to their heels.
Music, dance, and story telling are important parts of the Kyrgyz culture. Verbal folklore has been very well developed over the years. The Krygyz have the longest oral epic in the word entitled "Manas." It contains 100,000 lines of verse. Folk tales are often sung, accompanied by a three-stringed guitar called a dombra.
Among the men, hunting with the use of a golden eagle is very popular, and a well-trained eagle is quite valuable. Joshua Project
Slightly related but this was my favorite picture I could find in my googling this morning
History Lesson
The name "Kyrgyz" means "the descendents of forty maidens." The Kyrgystan flag has forty sun rays to represent the Kyrgyz heritage.
During its 72 years under Communist rule, the Kyrgyz population grew to four times its original size. Hundreds of towns and villages were built as many abandoned their traditional nomadic lifestyles. Nevertheless, the majority of the population is still rural. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
Putting an asterisk by this one because I think they as a people would identify as Muslim, particularly Sunni Muslim, but I really can't tell. They seem to be a fairly secular people group with various traditions they still hold.
Consecutive waves of Islamization have taken place since the Arabs first invaded Talas in 751 when many Kyrgyz tribes were still in Siberia. Northern nomadic tribes were able to skirt many of the Islamic traditions until recently. Within the last two hundred years, the majority had been completely converted to Islam. The present wave of Islamization in Kyrgyzstan is one of the most intense that the north has ever experienced. People who were only Muslim by name are now learning many of the more intricate practices, creeds, and doctrines.
Soviets were never able to change Kyrgyz beliefs, even through they tried a number of methods including changing the alphabet, outlawing religious activity, and propaganda. In fact, since 1990, over 3000 new mosques have been built in Kyrgyzstan.
Today, most Kyrgyz still consider themselves to be Muslim; however, some Shamanistic and Tengrism practices still exist. (Shamanism is the belief that there is an unseen world of many gods, demons, and ancestral spirits. Tegrism is a belief system that coincides with the faith expressed throughout the biblical book of Genesis.) Many people still turn to mediums and seers to cure sickness with magic, communicate with powers, and control events. Almost all Kyrgyz believers have to go through a breaking of demonic powers over their lives once they become Christians.
The Kyrgyz epic hero Manas has taken on god-like status in some parts of Kyrgyzstan. His story reveals many practices and beliefs of pre-Islamic Kyrgyz. There have been some comparisons made between the biblical "Manasseh son of Jacob" (Genesis 48) and the Kyrgyz "Manas son of Jakyb".
A Kyrgyz who becomes a Christian is seen as betraying his identity and family unity. Recently Kyrgyz Christians have faced opposition from Muslims, but with a new twist. Their new strategy is not to persecute Christians, but win them back to Islam through kindness, compassion, sympathy, and shame. Joshua Project
How can we pray for them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 08/17/2020 Islam*
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.08.10 14:45 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Yakut in Russia

Mornin y'all! Hope y'all are having a wonderful and blessed Missions Monday! Meet the Yakut in Russia
How Unreached Are They?
This is a tricky one. If it wasn't for u/CiroFlexo telling me about this people, I probably would not have picked them at first glance. They are technically 3% Christian which falls outside the bounds of the unreached terms. However, the majority of that would probably be Russian Orthodox so..... Further, only 0.1% of them are evangelical or actively sharing their faith. So on the ground they almost certainly look like a UPG. So let's do math now..
If they are only 0.1% evangelical that means that out of their 488,000 people, there are only 488ish believers who actively are sharing their faith. That's one in a thousand that wants to tell others about Jesus. Thats tragically small for a population that claims to be sort of Russian Orthodox...
There is most of a bible in their language but somehow not all of it.
What are they like?
Typical qualification that all people groups can't be summed up in small paragraphs and this is an over generalization.
The Yakut live uncomplicated, seminomadic lives, tending reindeer and dwelling in simple tents. Alcohol abuse is rampant among the Yakut. In fact, it is so prevalent that the number of murders, early deaths, and suicides attributable to alcohol abuse may seriously jeopardize the future of this small group. Around the world the Yakut are renowned for their strong, hardy, massive Yakut draft horses from Siberia. Joshua Project
The Yakuts engage in animal husbandry, traditionally having focused on rearing horses, mainly the Yakutian horse, reindeer and the Sakha Ynagha (Yakutian cow), a hardy kind of cattle known as Yakutian cattle which is well-adapted to the harsh local weather.
The cuisine of Sakha prominently features the traditional drink kumis, dairy products of cow, mare, and reindeer milk, sliced frozen salted fish stroganina (строганина), loaf meat dishes (oyogos), venison, frozen fish, thick pancakes, and salamat—a millet porridge with butter and horse fat. Kuerchekh [Куэрчэх] or kierchekh, a popular dessert, is made of cow milk or cream with various berries. Indigirka is a traditional fish salad. This cuisine is only used in Yakutia. Wikipedia
History Lesson
The ancestors of Yakuts were Kurykans who migrated from Yenisey river to Lake Baikal and were subject to a certain Mongolian admixture prior to migration in the 7th century. The Yakuts originally lived around Olkhon and the region of Lake Baikal. Beginning in the 13th century they migrated to the basins of the Middle Lena, the Aldan and Vilyuy rivers under the pressure of the rising Mongols. The northern Yakuts were largely hunters, fishermen and reindeer herders, while the southern Yakuts raised cattle and horses.
In the 1620s the Tsardom of Muscovy began to move into their territory and annexed or settled down on it, imposed a fur tax and managed to suppress several Yakut rebellions between 1634 and 1642. The tsarist brutality in collection of the pelt tax (yasak) sparked a rebellion and aggression among the Yakuts and also Tungusic-speaking tribes along the River Lena in 1642. The voivode Peter Golovin, leader of the tsarist forces, responded with a reign of terror: native settlements were torched and hundreds of people were killed. The Yakut population alone is estimated to have fallen by 70 percent between 1642 and 1682, mainly because of smallpox and other infectious diseases.
In the late 1920s through the late 1930s, Yakut people were systematically persecuted, when Joseph Stalin launched his collectivization campaign. It is possible that hunger and malnutrition during this period resulted in a decline in the Yakut total population from 240,500 in 1926 to 236,700 in 1959. By 1972, the population began to recover. Wikipedia
What do they believe?
This one is tricky. I feel like I'm getting mixed signals. So first I'll tell you what my gut tells me, and then I'll let you read the info. So my gut tells me that this is a population who has been "Christianized" but hold onto many of their previous animist traditions. But hear me out, I do not think they are largely Christian nor animist. I think that tradition is what lasts here, and that they are probably nominal even in their animism. So, that does not take away from the fact that they desperately need the Gospel.
The Yakut are shamanists. In the late 1800s anthropologist Waldemar Jochelson vividly described a Yakut religious ceremony: "A shaman has come to heal a sick woman, whose soul has been captured by evil spirits. He has put himself into a trance by inhaling tobacco, dancing, and beating his drum. Now his soul will travel to the spirit world and do battle in order to retrieve the woman's soul and thus restore her. His assistant holds the shaman by a chain so that if he gets lost or trapped in the spirit world he can be pulled back. Some of the flat iron pendants on the shaman's robe represent bird feathers, which allow the shaman's soul to fly. ... As the shaman dances, the noise made by these pieces and by the copper bells and rattles on the robe, as well as the sound of his drum and singing, help summon the spirits." Joshua Project
By the 1820s almost all the Yakuts claimed to have converted to the Russian Orthodox church, but they retained (and still retain) a number of shamanist practices. Wikipedia
How can we pray for them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Yakut Russia 08/10/2020 Animism*
Northern Katang Laos 08/03/2020 Animism
Uyghur Kazakhstan 07/27/2020 Islam
Syrian (Levant Arabs) Syria 07/20/2020 Islam
Teda Chad 07/06/2020 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/2020 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/2020 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/2020 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/2020 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/2020 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/2020 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/2020 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/2020 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/2020 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/2020 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/2020 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/2020 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/2020 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/2020 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/2020 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/2020 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/2020 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/2020 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/2020 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/2020 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/2020 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/2020 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/2020 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/2020 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/2019 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/2019 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/2019 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/2019 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/2019 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/2019 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/2019 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/2019 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/2019 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/2019 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/2019 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/2019 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/2019 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/2019 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/2019 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/2019 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/2019 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/2019 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/2019 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/2019 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/2019 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/2019 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/2019 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/2019 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/2019 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/2019 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/2019 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/2019 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/2019 Islam
Hui China 05/24/2019 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/2019 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.08.09 21:46 drybedsheet Teenager Living in Saigon - Already super informative so see if you can AMA!

Just a short intro :)

I don't know why I suddenly had the urge to Google what people think of Saigon and read random concerned tourists/travelers' posts at 10:30PM, but here I am. I noticed that a lot of you had the same questions, worry about the same things, wonder about the same places,... and thought it would be convenient to make a big post addressing some of those topics.
I won't talk about places like the Notre Dame Cathedral, or the Ben Thanh Market because you probably dug deep into it already and it's also everywhere on expats' websites, recommended to you.

A little bit about me!

I've lived here my entire life and can speak fluent Vietnamese. I will be in my senior year of high school soon at an international school. I've probably been everywhere in this city since I hang out every weekend. Since I am a teenager, I frequent all these places and do all these things very often, literally every week/weekend. So trust that this will be a very honest review as I will also be sharing some of my experiences. Enjoy! :D

"Is Saigon safe?"

This question is so broad that my answer will be - YES. But it really depends on you, I'm assuming you have basic common sense\*.
Robbery & Assault
Petty crimes & Pickpocketing
Traffic & Crossing Streets
Scams
Taxi Drivers

Transportation & Getting Around!

bruh i'm telling you, screw taxi drivers & bikers lol you don't need them at all.

A Few Restaurants

Coming from a foodie, there are actually so many places I love but will just list some. You can search up these places on Google Images too:

Vietnamese Food

To be completely honest, any crowded open-space place with a lot of locals will probably serve good Vietnamese food. Don't go to fancy-looking restaurants looking for these, they'll be like 10x more expensive and probably suck/will give you a misleading idea of what Vietnamese food tastes like. You can find these types of Vietnamese food at any corner, and they almost always serve everything else on this list too. The one with a bunch of locals is where it's at :)

Nightlife & Partying

I will not be sharing my personal experiences here because I think it's illegal LOL but I will briefly talk about the place :D

Shopping & Malls

These are the malls I recommend and frequent.

Moving Here?

Best, safest, most convenient and fun place to live in - District 7, Phu My Hung!

Moving Here AND Curious About Apartments?

These are all in District 7, so you already know you gon' be safe :)

Moving Here AND Curious About Schools?

*What I Mean by Basic Common Sense.

I really don't need to tell you any of this, as this is something you should always be doing, anywhere, anyways. However, after reading a bunch of posts, some of you really need this...

Final Notes

Woah... did not realize how long this is... I might add some updates/edits in the future if I see fit. I hope you learned a little bit more about Saigon after reading through this and find the time to come and visit once this whole corona shit blows over :) Thanks for reading!
submitted by drybedsheet to VietNam [link] [comments]


2020.07.06 15:14 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - the Teda in Chad

Running off a different time zone today which I actually think will make this earlier this week than normal.... Even though I went the wrong direction for that to be the case. Oh well. Guys, its missions monday!! Lets learn about a people group and spend some time in prayer for them! Now lets meet the Teda of Chad
How Unreached Are They?
The Teda are 0.0% Christian. That means out of their population of 88,000 in Chad, there are maybe a small handful of believers.
There is no known Bible translation in their language (Tegada).
What are they like?
As with all populations, generalizations are only helpful up until a point and do not describe every single person.
The Teda are a race of desert warriors living in the eastern and central Sahara Desert. The majority can be found in the Tibesti Mountains on the Libyan-Chad border. Their harsh environment, extreme poverty, and remote location make them a very tough people, who have often had violent clashes with the neighboring tribes.
Teda culture has little respect for those who do agricultural work. Reluctant to rely on cultivation, they depend on a flexible nomadic system for survival. Their property system favors mobility and military strength over securing land and farming it.
Because of their lack of interest in farming, most of the Teda are herdsmen. About one third are nomads; the rest are semi-nomadic. The semi-nomads move from place to place for eight or nine months, then returning to their villages during the rainy season. The Teda who farm do not practice crop rotation or use plows to cultivate the land. Some irrigation is always necessary for the crops, and animal manure is used as fertilizer. The date palm is the main food plant. Milk from goats, sheep, and camels is another basic part of their diet. Vegetables, grains, fruits, legumes, and root crops are also grown. In addition, many Teda must hunt with dogs and gather wild fruits and seeds to further supplement their food supplies.
Livestock is the main source of wealth in Teda society. Camels and goats are the most common animals kept. The men are responsible for herding the camels, as well as for hunting and trading. Women tend to the goats and till the soil, but most farm work is done by slaves.
The Teda live in camps that consist of extended family members. The oldest man in the family has authority until his death. Marriages involve the payment of a substantial bride-price, which consists of livestock. Polygamy (having more than one spouse) is permitted, but rarely practiced. Most Teda communities have only a few hundred inhabitants. The more settled groups who live in the villages are not there for the whole year. Generally, they live in round huts with stone or mud walls. The huts have cone-shaped thatch roofs supported by a central post. The nomadic Teda often live in rectangular or oval-shaped tents that have wooden frames and mats made of palm leaves or animal skins. Sometimes, they use caves for shelter while looking for pasture.
Rough sports and violence are a regular part of life among the Teda. Although the man is usually the family leader, the wife may beat him if he challenges her authority in certain matters. Women usually carry daggers, and the men do not interfere in a fight between two women. Joshua Project
History Lesson
The ancient history of the Toubou people is unclear. They may be related to the 'Ethiopians' mentioned by Herodotus in 430 BCE, as a people being hunted by Garamantes, but this is speculative, as Jean Chapelle argues.
In Islamic literature, the earliest mention as the Tubu people is perhaps that along with the Zaghawa people in an 8th-century text by Arabic scholar Ibn Qutaybah. The 9th century al-Kuwarizmi mentions the Daza people (southern Toubou). They represent 2.9% of the total population of Chad. Wikipedia
What do they believe?
The Teda are virtually all Muslim. However, prior to their conversion, they were animists (believed that non-living objects have spirits). They converted to Islam in the 1800s, but only after almost 1000 years of contact with Arab Muslims. Their animistic background, however, seems to have been incorporated into their Muslim practices.
Today, the Teda follow the Islamic calendar, including fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. Both men and women faithfully say daily prayers, and more of them are now making pilgrimages to Mecca. Several Islamic schools have also been built in this region during the last century.Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Teda Chad 07/06/20 Islam
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/20 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/20 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/20 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.06.29 23:56 iyk789 My Experience with 15+ years with LoA

This is a long post about my experience with the LoA. After reading through some of the posts, I wanted to add my own experience with caveats that will be explained throughout. I struggled to find the best way to organize these anecdotes, but I decided to divide them into different aspects of life per my view: family, education, spirituality, career & money, health & appearance, sex & love. I will discuss methods I used and whether they worked or not. I will discuss what I manifested, how it was different from what I visualized, and what I did not manifest and why I think I did not. I am not a professional in this field - just an enthusiast. I made a new account, because some of the items I will speak about can be considered identifiers. I did change some names and locations, but the general stories are true.
My warning is that I draw from a lot of experiences and texts. By texts, I not only mean books and words but also YouTube videos, movies, lectures, etc. The texts I will mention and some I will just allude to come from a myriad of belief systems from Taoism to Napoleon Hill to yoga. I will try to point it out. I am a 31 year old gay man, living in LA.
Family
My parents were atheist science grad students from Latin America at a State School's graduate program when I was a child. We lived with other international families, so I grew up with a lot of languages and a lot of educated people. Despite this, our family eventually moved out, my parents divorced, and my mom raised me and my two younger brothers as a single mom. Many tragedies befell our family, especially being latino in the US, first generation immigrants and all. But my brothers and I all went to university and all managed to get masters degrees.
I was pretty ungrateful to my mom, but when I reached 25 (same age as when she had me) there was a switch inside of me. I began to fix my relationship with my mom; I came out to her. Slowly, I tried to heal the distance I had created as a teen. With my brothers, they felt that I had abandoned them (more in the education section) and that they didn't know me. I even went two years not speaking to one of them over some petty argument. Now we text every day. With my father, I did not come out to him until this week. I organized a zoom call with me and my brothers and he was so happy. I often resented him from leaving, but as an adult now, his age when he left, I began to see how scared he must have been being 31 trying to raise three kids. After the call, he texted me that he loved me and that he was proud to have me as his son. I came out to him and now we video call every other day.
I think this is one of the toughest things to "fix" in a sense because resentment for past wrongs can run strong. Moreover, parents often bequeath their own traumas and karmic circles to their kids. To fix my family situation, I had to fix all of the items below.
Education
My family always valued education, even more-so than money. In middle school, I told my math teacher that I would attend Princeton. She laughed in my face, but I didn't understand why. All I understood was that I was going to go to the best school, because I was the best student. I didn't see my race as an issue, which she did. She was of a time where Princeton was a club for WASPs, not for first gen immigrants. Many of my public school teachers shared this same sentiment.
Feeling down on myself, I realized I had to get out. I kid you not, as if by magic, I learned about boarding schools in New England. These were the first days of the internet, so I did find some info online, but I literally seemed to have manifested a recruiter at my middle school! Fast-forward, I got into board school; I got scholarships while in high school to study in Asia for 6 months and in Europe for 12 months; I only applied to Princeton and was admitted with full scholarship; I was given a scholarship to study and travel in Asia for 12 months, I applied to graduate school at Oxford and was admitted full scholarship.
I didn't have the best grades, but I did have honors. I attribute my success in education to having no doubt. Indeed, my parents never helped me with homework. They had no doubt I could do it myself. This rubbed off on me, and I had no doubt that I would accomplish what I set out to do. This was a positive karmic circle I inherited. The key with this was to have joy in learning. Many people saw school as laborious. I saw school as an opportunity. I saw school as fundamental. I am 100% certain that going to these schools was in part from holding no doubt I belonged there, even if others said I didn't.
Spirituality
My parents were atheist, but after divorce, my mom converted to buddhism. I grew up learning a lot about buddhism, but not having much respect for Christianity, etc. When I was at boarding school, I took a class on Islam, and I was blown away. I then kept signing up for religion classes, even gaining an award for having taken so many classes on Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Judaism, etc.
After getting into boarding school, I was introduced to The Secret. I knew it was true because I had manifested already. I then began doing my own research, even up until now. This includes everything from Eckhardt Toole to the i-Ching to the tarot. What I learned is that while I do have my own magnetism, there is a general magnetism of the world. For example, plankton has motion but so do the waves that carry it. Some practices (meditation) are set to tune your own motions and intention. Others (Christmas, etc) are intended to tune you into the zeitgeist of the world.
However you tune it does not matter. Tuning is understanding the magnetic force you are radiating whilst also being aware of the magnetic force of the world and society / peoples / country, etc. I often found myself doubting LoA up until my early 20s. By then, however, it had become undeniable. To that end, I sometimes forget to tune. This is likened to the Thai view of the Buddha. The story goes that the Buddha fell asleep and he dreamed he was various people only to wake up from the dream and realize he was just one. It's the same idea here (also Joe Spinoza in Becoming Supernatural kinda talks about this too). Sometimes, I fall into a lull where I am manifesting, but I am not behind the wheel. You'll see more on that below. It's important to note that tuning is internal, meaning it's bringing intention to what you are manifesting. You are always manifesting, but gaining control of what you manifest is what spirituality is for.
Career & Money
My parents were Marxist, so they had a pretty negative view of money. Money would corrupt someone and knowledge was superior to money. This is why I was good at school, but I did not really care about making money. While my classmates prepared for careers at Goldman Sachs, I really had no idea what I would want to do, so I ended up in education. To be honest, I was fired from every job until I was 28. I was very good at making a resume, I was good at interviewing, I was good at doing the work. So what was the problem?
The problem was my negative view of money. When things were going well, I would self-sabotage and have an emotional outburst. As I began to fix this, I noticed that while I was holding on to jobs longer and getting paid more, I was squandering all of it. On top of that, my priority in my 20s was to see the world, so I would apply and get jobs working across various parts of the world. My priority was not to make money. I moved to LA, and I realized that I needed to make a change. As if my magic, again, I was on the street and I found a copy of Think & Grow Rich and The Power of Positive Thinking. Within a week (I was unemployed at the time), I manifested my dream job. I wanted to get out of education and do something more serious and I wanted to make $75k. Boom, it happened.
I left that job (was not fired!) when I manifested my next job, in which I wanted to travel and make $100k. Boom, it appeared a few months later. Then, I wanted to manifest another job in another industry, and I did. However, after I got my latest job, I fell into a lull where I was manifesting but I wasn't in control. I lost my job last month, but I realized it wasn't the best for me. Now I'm trying to manifest my next job. The good news is that I have money saved, so I'm not panicking about that. One of the thoughts I changed was the idea of worrying about money (another inherited karmic circle from my parents). Now I can go to a shop and get whatever I want and not worry about the number. I know it comes back to me tenfold.
Health & Appearance
One of the biggest issues with moving to LA was having body dysmorphia, especially as a gay man. I was 6' 300 lbs at one point. I diet and exercised and I made some changes to myself. I was only able to get to 240 lbs. Also, I seemed to have shrunk! I was now 5'10, but guys I went on dates with said I looked 5'8.
I joined a bootcamp for 2 years and exercised 2 hours a day 5 days a week. I saw myself get more fit, but I was still 230 lbs. I was more muscular but I was still fat. I thought I would never become beautiful. This was a karmic circle I inherited from my mom, who felt that she got fat after having us kids and that's the reason my dad left her. So I figured, if my mom can't be loved because she's fat, neither can I, subconsciously this drove me. I would binge eat with emotions.
In July 2019, I made these realizations about my relationship with food. I started using Noom which is a mindfulness app that tries to change your relationship with food. I lost 60 lbs by October 2019. I was never 6'1, but I kept saying I was. Now I'm 6'1. This is where I have a difference of opinion than some of the regular posters. I think affirmations work. The reason is that they do come from a place of doubt, but the fact that they're said so much eventually makes them true. There are many sects of Buddhism that believe that chanting has such an effect. I also believe this.
Currently, I've manifested a six pack. The stretch marks I had have become less noticeable or disappeared. I do have hanging skin, but it's been retracting on its own. My face is clear. My cheekbones are high. My jawline is very defined. When I go out in LA, celebrities check me out. It's actually kind of cool! I've had flashes of daydreams about a certain celebrity, only to see them at a club or restaurant in LA, making eyes at me. Other miracles include healing a broken ankle in a week, running a marathon, the fact that I can make myself workout 2 hours a day.
Sex & Love
I have failed miserably in this regard. I've never actually had a boyfriend. The first two guys I was ever into were super toxic. The third one was not into me, but I found myself always trying to impress him. This might be good or bad, as it did propel me to do more with my life. As you read above, I have finally settled my relationship with my family. I think this will help me control how I manifest love.
I do want to tell a story. I met this guy in October, with my new looks. I was super into him because he was the hottest guy I was ever able to get. I made a total fool of myself. I then took a course on Insight Timer about finding true love. In December, I met Zach. Zach is a film star that had just shot a major tv show in Europe. He was back in LA on break and as looking for something casual. So was I, because I realized I had a lot of issues to work through after taking the course.
My first date with Zach was pretty magical. We met up December - February frequently, though we did have to clarify that we were not dating. He flew off to Europe to film in March and has been stuck there because of covid. Meanwhile, I'm heartbroken because I never really got closure and he stopped responding to me after I confessed I had developed some feelings. I realized that my bad mood was really my self-sabotage nature coming out. Right now, I'm unsure if I should wait for Zach or if I should move on. I've been taking some time off of dating to tune myself. The reason I'm even considering it is because our meeting and "relationship" really had a magical feel to it. Part of me feels certain that he loves me, but part of me believes that despite his love for me, he hasn't been able to process it. I had a daydream vision of him saying "I love you" and I said "I love you too" back aloud as if he were there. It was very strange.
What I've manifested then changed my mind
I have a lot of examples for this but I'll just give one. There was a high school classmate who bullied me but somehow became famous. I had this vengeful visualization of meeting him at a club in LA with his famous friends and just embarrassing him. The weekend before lockdown in LA began, I ran into him with the exact famous friends from the visualization. Instead of embarrassing him, I just smiled. He didn't know it was me. I was no longer the obese guy. I was just a hot guy, and he was trying to pick me up. lol! I did not approach him or say anything. I just felt that it was a victory.
Things I couldn't manifest
These all involve specific people doing things for me, especially in the love department. These all fail. By the way, I think the person who keeps posting "That's voodoo" should do some reading on voodoo and stop using systemic racism to belittle people's questions.

Anyway, I hope this helps someone. Also open to hearing what others have to say about this.
submitted by iyk789 to lawofattraction [link] [comments]


2020.06.29 16:27 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - the Kotokoli in Togo

Welcome to another UPG of the Week, while many countries in Africa are by and large "Christian" nations, they still have swaths of people who have very little access to the Gospel and very little Gospel work happening among them. Meet the Kotokoli of Togo!
How Unreached Are They?
The Kotokoli are only 0.5% Christian. That means out of their 275,000 people, there are roughly only 1,300 believers among them. Thats only about 1 for every 200 unbeliever.
There is a completed New Testament in their language (Tem).
What are they like?
The Kotokoli are primarily farmers, growing sorghum and yams as their staple crops. Millet, maize, beans, okra, groundnuts, and pumpkins are also raised. A variety of animals are kept, including cattle, donkeys, goats, sheep, pigs, and chickens. The cattle are used for religious sacrifices, marriage payments, and hides; their manure is also used for fertilizer. Although the Kotokoli drink milk, they do not milk their own animals. Rather, the milking is performed by the neighboring Fulani herdsmen, who are hired to help tend to the herds.
The Kotokoli men's responsibilities involve tending to the livestock, clearing the land, and performing most of the agricultural labor. The women's responsibilities include gathering nuts, berries, wild grasses, and building materials from the forests, helping their husbands with the harvest, and performing all of the household chores. The highly developed art of trading is another important activity. The Kotokoli merchants regularly attend the local markets to trade their goods.
Most of the Kotokoli live in houses that have round mud walls, with dirt floors, and cone-shaped, thatched straw roofs. The homes are clustered together in family compounds around a central courtyard. Surrounding most clusters is an enclosure, usually a high mud wall, so that outsiders cannot see inside the compound. Each local community has a ritual headman (usually the oldest in the lineage), who has the responsibility of maintaining good relations and social order among his people. The headman answers to the district chief, who answers to the Uro (supreme chief).
Kotokoli marriages are usually arranged by the parents while the boy and girl are still infants. Before a marriage is complete, a bride-service must be performed by the prospective groom. This means that the young man must work on the farm of the girl's parents for a certain period of time. A substantial bride-price in livestock is also given to the family of the bride. Acceptance of these and other gifts donated by the groom makes the couple's union legitimate. Polygyny (having multiple wives) is permitted among the Kotokoli. However, according to Muslim law, a man must not have more than four wives. The first wife enjoys a superior status over the other wives. Each wife lives in a separate hut.
The Kotokoli have retained their old custom of praise singing. Throughout the country of Togo, during public occasions, the Kotokoli recite their family lineage and praise their chiefs for their heroic deeds. Praises to the chiefs are offered by a musician playing a flute, rather than through singing. The Kotokoli believe that praises sung orally are too crude, and that the voice does not do justice to the deserving chiefs. Joshua Project
History Lesson
The Kotokoli live in the West African countries of Togo, Ghana and Benin. In Togo, they are concentrated in towns such as Sokode, which is located along one of Togo's ancient caravan routes. The settlement was given the name Sokode, which means "too close," because the town was frequently isolated by barriers built by tribal groups trying to control the caravan trade. The Kotokoli emigrated from what is now Burkina Faso into the Sokode region during the 1600s and 1700s. They arrived as a confederation of Gurma chiefdoms. Even today, the Kotokoli chief, or Uro, still resides in Sokode. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The Kotokoli were first exposed to the Islamic religion though contacts with the Hausa and Fulani herdsmen in the 1700s. By the mid-1800s, Kotokoli territory had been swept by Muslim influence, causing religious wars in the area. Although the Uro (chief) tried to rid his country of the Muslim mercenaries, he was unsuccessful. The Kotokoli eventually converted to Islam in the 1800s after the Chokossi people further spread their Muslim beliefs throughout Kotokoli territory.
Today, almost all of the Kotokoli are Muslim, as is the current Uro. They faithfully follow the practices of Islam. These include affirming that Allah is the only god and Mohammed is his prophet, praying five times a day, giving alms generously, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and making at least one pilgrimage to Mecca if possible. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/20 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/20 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/20 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.06.15 23:22 jay2350 Dropship Overseas - Untapped Markets

Disclaimer: I suspect that this borders on breaking rule 4 in that it may be perceived as self-promotion but I think it should prompt interesting discussion so I'm going to post it. I am exploring an idea and would like community feedback. If my idea doesn't add value, I hope it at least shows you an option that you wouldn't have otherwise considered.

Personal Introduction & Inspiration for Post
I'm a 24-year-old American, work a simple job at a mattress store, and want more out of life. I travel as often as I can but when my income is tied to my labor, I can't save much and maintain this lifestyle. As a result, I've found dropshipping. Personally, I've had extremely limited success. I'm not a guru, I'm not experienced, I'm hardly even an amateur. With that said, I met someone who is those things. She has used dropshipping to become a member of the 1%. All she needs is a good product and she WILL sell it. Well... She'll sell it overseas. And when I say the 1%, I mean the 1% of her native country, Thailand. A few days into knowing each other, we were watching a movie together and her phone was blowing up the whole time. I asked her what was going on and she said it was her customers. People constantly messaging her, asking about her product, and eventually buying. Every sale made her $20 and while the conversion rate on chat messages wasn't even 50%, $20 profit in Thailand is insane. My interest was piqued. Since then, we've started dating and are engaged.

Our Progress
We have one active product that we just launched (traveling back and forth takes most of our money) that is doing incredibly well for what it is. I'll outline the numbers.
Landed cost of the product: ~$500
Units: 500
Cost per unit: $1 landed
Retail price: $3
Units sold: 102 (100 wholesale, 2 retail)
Ad spend: $3 per day
Days active: 0.5
Disregarding the wholesale purchase, we've spent ~$1 on ads and sold 2 units. We had ~10 messages about the product, several that clicked the buy button that we failed to convert due to time zone difference. All purchases are manually confirmed at the moment because of the high interaction rate with customers.
We expect to get ~$1300 in revenue due to discounts on multiples.
She's had several products that have been highly successful that she sells to a friend in Thailand since we aren't there to maintain them. We can and do make money via dropshipping overseas.
Your Opportunity
Sell in an underserviced market like Thailand. You will have a few more hurdles to jump like a language barrier for customer support and logistical challenges that are a little tougher than they are in the US but there is a strong upside.

Pros


Cons


Our Pitch / Idea
This is the part that might not be within the rules but I'm genuinely coming from a place of trying to help people. If a mod says I have to remove it, I will.
We want to help people dropship in Thailand. We know the market, we speak the language, we can manage the logistics. We have a warehouse to store your products, distribution to send it around the country, and people to manage your sales/ads. We see an opportunity for a gold rush and admittedly, I'd rather sell the shovels. We are finalizing details on what we could offer but the idea is a one-stop-shop for Thai dropshipping. Logistics, Thai ads, Facebook page management, distribution, as well as creating a website with all of our products to cross-sell.
Even if you aren't interested in working with us directly, I'd love to talk to you guys and answer any questions you have about drop shipping in Asia or Thailand specifically.
submitted by jay2350 to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]


2020.06.15 17:35 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week -the Moor in Sri Lanka

Real talk for a second. My heart has been hurting these days with all thats going on in the US, I nearly decided to do an entire post on it and how we need to be praying for people to see a clear picture of the Gospel through our clear loving actions in the US. At this moment the Gospel being presented through actions of Christians is super confused and not a clear picture of Christ. And so we need to do be better and help present a better picture of the Gospel by coming alongside our brothers and sisters who are hurting but we cannot and should not forget people that have no picture of the Gospel at all. So today, I will include a prayer request for the US but we will still focus on a people group that doesn't even know of Jesus, even if its mixed signals of Jesus.
So meet the Sri Lankan Moor people of Sri Lanka.
How Unreached Are They?
The Sri Lankan Moor people are 0% Christian. That means at best there are maybe a handful of believers in all of their population, which is around 600,000 people.
There is a complete bible translation in their language!
What are they like?
Although the caste system is not observed by the Moors such as it is in the other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, their kudi system (matriclan system) is an extension of the Tamil tradition
The Sri Lankan Moors have been strongly shaped by Islamic culture, with many customs and practices according to Islamic law. While preserving many of their ancestral customs, the Moors have also adopted several South Asian practices.
The Moors practice several customs and beliefs, which they closely share with the Arab, Sri Lankan Tamils and Sinhalese People. Tamil and Sinhala customs such as wearing the Thaali or eating Kiribath were widely prevalent among the Moors. Arab customs such as congregational eating using a large shared plate called the 'sahn' and wearing of the North African fez during marriage ceremonies feed to the view that Moors are of mixed Sinhalese, Tamil and Arab heritage.
There have been a growing trend amongst Moors to rediscover their Arab heritage and reinstating the Arab customs that are the norm amongst Arabs in Middle East and North Africa. These include replacing the sari and other traditional clothing associated with Sinhalese and Tamil culture in favour of the abaya and hijab by the women as well as increased interest in learning Arabic and appetite for Arab food by opening restaurants and takeaways that serve Arab food such as shawarma and Arab bread.
The late 19th century saw the phase of islamization of Sri Lankan Moors, primarily under the influence of M. C. Siddi Lebbe. He was a leading figure in the Islamic revival movement, and strengthened the Muslim identity of the Sri Lankan Moors. He was responsible for the ideological framework for the Muslim ethnicity in Sri Lanka. Wikipedia
History Lesson
The Moors trace their ancestry to Arab traders who settled in Sri Lanka some time between the eighth and fifteenth centuries. Fascinated by the scenic splendor, Muslim merchants arrived in large numbers and some decided to settle in the island, encouraged by the cordial treatment they received from local rulers. Most lived along the coastal areas in peace and prosperity. The Sri Lankan Moors possess a unique culture that differentiates them from the dominant Sinhalese and Tamil ethnic groups on the island. The culture of Sri Lankan Moors has been strongly shaped by Islam, hence most customs and practices are dictated by Islamic law. While preserving many of their ancestral customs, the Moors have also adopted several South Asian practices. Joshua Project
And this
The Sri Lankan Civil War was a 26-year conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka between government and separatist militant organization Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers). LTTE tried to make northern Sri Lanka into a Tamil country called Tamil Eelam.
Since 1888 under the initiative of Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the Sri Lankan Tamils launched a campaign to classify those Sri Lankan Moors who spoke Tamil as Tamils, primarily to bolster their population numbers for the impending transition to democratic rule in Sri Lanka. Their view holds that the Sri Lankan Moors were simply Tamil converts to Islam. The claim that the Moors were the progeny of the original Arab settlers might hold good for a few families, but not for the entire bulk of the community.
According to some Tamil nationalists, the concept of Arab descent among Tamil-speaking Moors was invented just to keep the community away from the Tamils, and this 'separate identity' intended to check the latter's demand for the separate state Tamil Eelam and to flare up hostilities between the two groups in the broader Tamil-Sinhalese conflict.
The expulsion of the Muslims from the Northern province was an act of ethnic cleansing carried out by the Tamil militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization in October 1990. In order to achieve their goal of creating a mono ethnic Tamil state in the North Sri Lanka, the LTTE carried out riots and forcibly expelled the Muslim population from the Northern Province and confiscated their properties and destroyed the Mosques. Wikipedia
What do they believe?
Nearly all of the Moor people follow Islam.
Islam was spread to Sri Lanka by contacts with the merchant ships operated by the Moor traders between Serendib (Old Persian / Arabic name for Sri Lanka), and various ports in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa.
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/20 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.06.08 17:05 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - the Shaikh in Bangladesh

Welcome to this weeks UPG of the Week! I haven't hit Bangladesh yet, so here is the largest people group in the country! The Shaikh of Bangladesh
How Unreached Are They?
The Shaikh people are 0.00% Christian. That means out of the 135,227,000 people, there are maybe a handful of believers.
However they do have a complete Bible translation in their language (Bengali)
What are they like?
Honestly guys, I can find next to nothing about this people group... Like, nothing.. So here is all that I could find:
The Shaikhs are not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. Three of these communities are the Siddiks, Farukis and Abbasi who are often descendents of Arab immigrants. The other two are the Chistis and Kuraishis communities who tend to be mainly from converts to Islam. Consequently, the Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. In Nepal they speak Nepali and either Urdu, Bhojpuri or Maithili in their communities. They are not vegetarian and their common food is rice, mutton and vegetables. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh. Joshua Project
Further, there are three subgroups Karigar, Bej, and Siddiqui.
Keep in mind, this is a fairly large people group 135,227,000 people, so I find it odd that I can't find that much info, however it also makes sure we don't generalize them as a people too much.
History Lesson
The term Shaikh is used here for a sociocultural group that originated with Arab settlers in South Asia which now includes many subgroups, some of which intermarry in Bangladesh with non-Shaikh Bengali Muslims and some of which don't.
Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab army conquered the northwestern part of the Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia, and settled permanently.
The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and are also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. The Shaikhs of Pakistan, however, claim pre-islamic ancestry. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group or qoum, traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Pakistani Punjabis (the other group is the Moeens group or quom, who are traditionally artisans). Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. Other variants of this term are Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, Šeih, Šejh, Seyh.
After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted this title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh (Punjabi). The majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from their traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families also cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service, and are stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The Khawaja Shaikh, with their sub-division the Chiniotis and the Qanungoh Shaikh are two such communities.
The Sikh Shaikhs living in villages at the Indian border adjoining Pakistan were remnants of the Shaihks who chose to stay after the independence of of Pakistan in 1947, embracing Sikhism as their religion. They are famous for their lori and dhool, a traditional Indian drum. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The Shaikh believe in Islam, there are mixed reports on which tradition they fall more in line with.
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.06.04 23:59 Connor-XYZ the entire wikipedia article for Girls & Panzer

Girls und Panzer (ガールズ&パンツァー, Gāruzu ando Pantsā) (translation from German: Girls and Tanks) is a Japanese anime franchise created by Actas which depicts a competition between girls' high schools practicing tank warfare as a sport. The series was directed by Tsutomu Mizushima, written by Reiko Yoshida and produced by Kiyoshi Sugiyama. Takaaki Suzuki, who had earlier acted as a military history advisor for Strike Witches and Upotte!!, was involved in the production of the anime. The TV series initially aired in Japan between October and December 2012, with two additional episodes that aired on March 2013 and an original video animation released on July 2014. Nine manga series and a light novel adaptation have been published by Media Factory. An animated film was released in Japanese theaters on November 21, 2015. A six-part theatrical anime series has been announced, with the first film being released in 2017. The story takes place where historical World War II–era tanks are maintained for sport-style warfare competitions and large carrier ships, known as Academy Ships (used as an extreme application of the term "school ship"), support mobile sea communities. Of the many activities high school students can participate in, one of the most popular is "sensha-dō" (戦車道, lit. "the way of the tank"), the art of operating tanks, which is considered a traditional martial art. Miho Nishizumi, a girl from a prestigious family of sensha-dō practitioners who became traumatized by a past event, transfers to Ōarai Girls High School to get away from sensha-dō, as she presumed the school was no longer practicing the sport. However, shortly after Miho begins her new school life and makes some new friends, the student council announces the revival of sensha-dō at Ōarai and coerces Miho, the only student with prior experience, to join. While reluctant to join at first, having practically been forced, Miho soon warms up to sensha-dō and they enter a national championship, facing off against various other schools, in a competition that becomes a serious matter after Miho and the others learn that their school will be closed should they not win. The spin-off manga, Girls und Panzer: Little Army, follows Miho in her elementary school days as she participates in sensha-dō alongside her friends Emi, Hitomi, and Chihiro. A manga adaptation by Ryūichi Saitaniya began serialization in Media Factory's Comic Flapper magazine from June 5, 2012 and ended on March 5, 2014. Four tankōbon volumes have been released. A prequel story illustrated by Tsuchii, Girls und Panzer: Little Army (ガールズ&パンツァー リトルアーミー, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Ritoru Āmī), was serialized in Monthly Comic Alive from June 27, 2012 to January 26, 2013 and was compiled into two tankōbon volumes. Both Girls und Panzer and Little Army have been licensed in North America by Seven Seas Entertainment and were released in 2014. A second spinoff manga by artist Nii-Marco, titled Girls und Panzer: Motto Love Love Sakusen desu! (ガールズ&パンツァー もっとラブラブ作戦です!, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Motto Rabu Rabu Sakusen desu!, lit. "Girls und Panzer: It's the More Love Love Operation!"), began serialization in Media Factory's Monthly Comic Alive magazine from May 27, 2013. A spin-off manga titled Girls und Panzer: Ribbon no Musha (ガールズ&パンツァー リボンの武者, Girls und Panzer: Ribbon Warrior), a collaboration of artist Takeshi Nogami and Takaaki Suzuki, began serialization in Comic Flapper from September 5, 2014. Another spin-off manga titled Girls und Panzer: Gekitou! Maginot-sen Desu!! (ガールズ&パンツァー 激闘! マジノ戦ですっ!!, Girls und Panzer: Fierce Fight! It's the Maginot battle!!), written and illustrated by Ryūichi Saitaniya, was serialized in Comic Walker web manga site from November 19, 2014 to August 19, 2015 and was compiled into two volumes. A sequel manga to the Little Army manga called Girls und Panzer: Little Army II (ガールズ&パンツァー リトルアーミー II, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Ritoru Āmī II), still illustrated by Tsuchii, began serialization in Monthly Comic Alive magazine from April 27, 2015 and ended on March 26, 2016. A manga adaptation of the Girls und Panzer der Film titled Girls und Panzer der Film Variante (ガールズ&パンツァー 劇場版 Variante, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Gekijō-ban Variante), written and illustrated by Ino Takashi, began serialization in Comic Flapper magazine from August 5, 2016. Another spin-off manga titled Girls und Panzer: Senshado no Susume (ガールズ&パンツァー 戦車道ノススメ, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Senshado no Susume), written and illustrated by Midori Hagi, began serialization in Comic Flapper magazine from August 5, 2016 to June 5, 2019 and collected in five volumes. Another spin-off manga titled Girls und Panzer Phase. Erika (ガールズ&パンツァー フェイズ エリカ, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Pheso Erika), written and illustrated by Ryūichi Saitaniya, was serialized on the Comic Walker web manga site from September 19, 2016 to March 19, 2018 and was compiled into three volumes. The anime series produced by Actas began airing in Japan on October 9, 2012 and was simulcast by Crunchyroll. It was directed by Tsutomu Mizushima and written by Reiko Yoshida, with original character designs by Humikane Shimada. Due to production delays, the final two episodes were postponed to a March 2013 airing, with recap episodes taking their place. Original video animation episodes are included with the Blu-ray Disc/DVD releases, which were released between December 21, 2012 and June 21, 2013. The opening theme is "DreamRiser" by ChouCho whilst the ending theme is "Enter Enter MISSION!" performed by Mai Fuchigami, Ai Kayano, Mami Ozaki, Ikumi Nakagami and Yuka Iguchi. The series has been licensed in North America by Sentai Filmworks who released the series on December 3, 2013, and the OVAs on February 25, 2014. A scene in episode eight, which featured the song "Katyusha", was absent in the Crunchyroll simulcast and was replaced with an instrumental version of "Korobeiniki" in the Sentai Filmworks release due to licensing issues. Five character song single CDs have also been released, along with the original soundtrack of the anime. Five drama CDs, a fan disc CD, and BD/DVD called Girls und Panzer: Heartful Tank Disc were also released after the anime aired. An OVA episode featuring the battle against Anzio was released on July 5, 2014, in 12 theaters across Japan, and was released in Blu-ray Disc/DVD on July 25, 2014. An animated theatrical film, acting as a sequel to the television series, entitled Girls und Panzer der Film (ガールズ&パンツァー 劇場版, Gāruzu ando Pantsā Gekijō-ban), premiered on November 21, 2015 in Japanese theaters, after being pushed back to a Summer 2015 release from the initial premiere date of 2014. Sentai Filmworks has licensed the film in North America for a theatrical and distribution release. MVM Films has licensed the film for a home video release in the United Kingdom. A six-part anime theatrical film series was announced, titled Girls und Panzer: The Final Chapter (alternatively Girls und Panzer Das Finale, with the last part meaning The Finale in German), which is set after the anime series and the feature movie, with Graphinica's Kyoto Studio using Unreal Engine 4 for the CG animation and background assets for the tank battle scenes. The first film premiered in Japan in December 9, 2017. The second film premiered on June 15, 2019. A novelization of the series, written by Yuu Hibiki and illustrated by Humikane Shimada and Shin Kyougoku, was released by Media Factory on November 22, 2012. It ran for 3 volumes and ended on June 25, 2013. A video game based on the series, titled Girls und Panzer: Senshadō, Kiwamemasu! (ガールズ&パンツァー 戦車道、極めます!), was developed by Bandai Namco Games and released for the PlayStation Vita in Japan on June 26, 2014. The game is a third-person tank shooter, which features a game mechanic where the player is able to switch between different tanks on the battlefield in real-time, in order to control multiple tanks on the same team. The player is able to control the tank via both third-person and scoped views during combat. The game features a story mode, in addition to a "Battle Royale" mode where the player can form teams as they desire. Another video game based on the series and film, titled Girls und Panzer: Dream Tank Match (ガールズ&パンツァー ドリームタンクマッチ), was developed by Bandai Namco Entertainment for the PlayStation 4. It was released on February 22, 2018 in Japan and on February 27, 2018 in Southeast Asia with English text. An enhanced version of the game titled Girls und Panzer: Dream Tank Match DX (ガールズ&パンツァー ドリームタンクマッチDX) was released for the Nintendo Switch in Japan on February 21, 2019. This new version includes content from part one of Das Finale; the new content was also made available for the PS4 version as paid DLC. A mobile game based on the series, titled Girls und Panzer: Senshadō Daisakusen! (ガールズ&パンツァー 戦車道大作戦!), was developed by Showgate for the Android and IOS phones that was launched in Japan on November 11, 2015. It is a hexagonal strategy-based game that includes a gacha system. The game servers were taken down on the 27th of November 2019, despite the game still being acquirable via download. A collaborative project between the Girls und Panzer animation team and Belarusian computer game developer Wargaming was unveiled in 2013, aiming to promote the online multiplayer video game World of Tanks in Japan. Part of the collaboration involved the promotion of the game in Japan in the form of advertising and local events, as Wargaming focused to penetrate the Japanese market. The South-East Asian game server for World of Tanks featured a tutorial documentation in the form of manga, titled Hajimete no Senshado - WoT for Beginners (はじめての戦車道~ WoT for Beginners). Drawn by Midori Hagi, it features Girls und Panzer characters as they learned how to play the game. The manga game tutorial is available in English, Thai, Traditional Chinese, and Japanese; it depicts the five members of Ōarai Girls High's Anglerfish sensha-dō team as they learn how to play World of Tanks, intending to explain the game's basics to new players in an entertaining and interesting manner. The tutorial manga also had a side effect of introducing Girls und Panzer to many World of Tanks players, increasing its popularity amongst the players in the Asian region. Girls und Panzer-themed mods for the game were announced at the 2013 Tokyo Game Show; these game mods were distributed as free downloads for players in the South-East Asian server, mainly targeting the Japanese-speaking community. Initially, there were six voice packs released, featuring the voices of all five members of the Anglerfish team, as well as a special voice pack for Nonna, the vice captain of Pravda's sensha-dō team; each of the five crew members of the Anglerfish team voices the five different crew positions in World of Tanks: Commander, Gunner, Loader, Radio Operator, and Driver. The voice packs replaces the standard crew voices with the Girls und Panzer character voices, when tank commands such as "Target acquired!" or "Reloading!" sound in the game. The voice packs, however, are only available in Japanese. Afterwards, a garage mod was released, where players could change the regular game garage to the sensha-dō garage square in Ōarai Girls High's Academy Ship. Another mod that was released allowed players to change the skins of a few select tanks in the game to the paint jobs of the tanks in the Girls und Panzer anime. Tanks include the Panzer IV H of Ōarai Girls High, the Churchill VII of St. Gloriana Girls Academy and the Jagdtiger of Kuromorimine Girls High. The last mod that was made available changed the look of destroyed tanks for certain vehicles; instead of a smoking wreck of metal that is shown when a tank is destroyed, the tank is shown in a moderate condition, with a white flag on top, similar to when tanks are knocked out in Girls und Panzer, to indicate that the tank is destroyed. These mods were later made available together in a mod pack that is free to download on the South-East Asian server of World of Tanks. On 31 January 2016, the World of Tanks South-East Asian server released an updated version of the Girls und Panzer-themed mod pack, in celebration of the release of Girls und Panzer der Film. It features the voices of the Anglerfish sensha-dō team and replaces the standard game garage with the Ōarai Girls High School Tank Garage. It also features a lot of new tank skins, such as the Panzer IV D of Ōarai Girls High, before it was converted into the Ausführung H model, and the T95, M24 Chaffee, and the M26 Pershing of the university's sensha-dō team, in addition to all the previous ones released in earlier mods. The initial television airing of the first 10 episodes within 2012 received favourable television ratings and strong viewership. The relatively early airing timeslot of the show allowed the series to gain better exposure to more viewers. Blu-ray sales of the first anime volume in Japan reached third place on the Oricon charts in mid-February 2013, whilst sales of the second anime volume Blu-ray reached second place in late February with 24,733 copies sold within the first week of release. The third Blu-ray volume met with similar success during March, with 23,528 copies sold within the first week, peaking at third place behind Mobile Suit Gundam Unicorn and Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha the Movie 2nd A's. The first week sales of the 4th Blu-ray volume reached second place at 28,410 units, behind Evangelion: 3.33 You Can (Not) Redo, which had its debut Blu-ray release the same week. The first week sales of both the 5th and 6th Blu-ray volumes placed first in the weekly Oricon chart, having reached 33,450 units and 32,385 units respectively. The first week sales of the Girls und Panzer: This is the Real Anzio Battle! OVA Blu-ray placed third in the weekly Oricon chart, having reached 35,909 units. Plastic models of tanks based on those within the anime have topped sales charts in Japan. In celebration of the popularity of the anime series and to promote local tourism, on 24 March 2013 the town of Ōarai in Ibaraki Prefecture held an event themed along the Girls und Panzer anime, as part of its yearly spring festival. The event featured live tank demonstrations and the sale of anime-themed merchandise. An opinion piece published on 22 January 2013 in the China National Defense Newspaper [zh], a subsidiary of the state-owned People's Liberation Army Daily, criticized the anime for promoting "militarist sentiments behind the guise of cute characters." Famitsu gave the video game adaptation Girls und Panzer: Senshadō, Kiwamemasu! a review score of 23/40. PlayStation LifeStyle gave the game 8/10, highly praising the tank battles for their simplicity and the story for its charm. The game sold 31,526 physical retail copies within the first week of release in Japan.
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2020.06.01 19:01 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - The Khalka Mongols of Mongolia

Welcome back to the normal Monday UPG of the Week posts. Sorry this one is so late in the day, I had a busy end of last week and this weekend so I was playing catch up this morning. So, now introducing the Khalka Mongols of Mongolia
How Unreached Are they?
The Khalka Mongols are 1.5% Christian. That means out of the roughly 2.26 million people, there are roughly only 33 thousand believers. That actually does sound like alot but realistically there is only around 1 believer for every 66 unbelievers and not all of those believers are even actively sharing Christ!
According to Joshua Project it would appear they have a completed Bible in their language. Looks like it was complete in 2015.
What are they like?
As with all people groups, especially the larger ones like this one that has 2 million+, this is a broad description and can't truly capture the picture of a people of that size.
There is a large population of Khalkha Mongol nomads. They live in herding camps and migrate seasonally with their animals. Their housing takes the form of portable gers, which are round felt tents that have brightly painted wooden doors. The nomads raise horses, cattle, and sheep and migrate four or five times a year in search of fresh pastures.
Some Khalkha Mongols are now settled farmers who live and work on collective (community) farms. Those who live in the cities occupy Soviet-built apartment complexes. Many have found jobs in industry, mining, or transport.
Due to the harshness of the climate in Mongolia, the Khalkha Mongol diet consists primarily of fat, meat (mainly mutton), milk, and dairy products. Large amounts of fat and mutton are eaten during the winter, and dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and sour cream are eaten during the summer. Their favorite drink is airag or kumiss, which is fermented mare's milk.
Khalkha Mongols traditionally married while they were very young. The girls were usually 13 or 14, and the boys were only a few years older. Today, couples usually marry while they are in their early to mid-twenties; then they immediately begin having children. Urban Khalkha Mongols, especially those with a college education, tend to delay marriage until they reach their late twenties. Birth control is discouraged in Mongolia. Families with six or more children are given financial benefits.
Khalkha Mongols love music, folk dances, chess, and sporting events. Every July, the ancient Naadam festival is celebrated throughout Mongolia. Sporting events are held in horse racing, archery, and wrestling.
Mongolia's distance from the sea and poor roads have contributed to a poor economy. One-third of the country lives in extreme poverty. Rape, murder, alcoholism, and violence are major problems in Mongolia's urban areas today. Many young people are also involved in criminal gangs. Joshua Project
History Lesson
The Khalkha Mongols consider themselves the direct descendants of Genghis Khan and therefore, the true preservers of Mongol culture.
In the thirteenth century, Genghis Khan formed one of the greatest empires in world history by uniting all of the nomadic Mongol tribes. During the centuries that followed, the once mighty Mongol empire was squeezed between the growing Russian and Chinese empires. In the early 1920s, Mongolia became a Marxist state until its quiet democratic revolution in 1990.
The Khalkha Mongols consider their language, Halh, to be the "real" Mongolian language, since all other Mongols speak variations or dialects of Halh. Halh is understood throughout Mongolia and by Mongols living in Central Asia.
Mongolia was once one of the most closed countries in the world, but is now relatively open to outside influence, including Christianity. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
Khalkha Mongols were traditionally Shamanists (belief in an unseen world of gods, demons, and spirits). The people depended on shamans (medicine men) to cure the sick by magic, communicate with the gods, and control events.
In the late 1500s, the Mongols were introduced to Tibetan Buddhism, and most Mongols converted to Buddhism at that time. By 1900, more than half of Mongolia's males were serving as priests in Buddhist monasteries. However, as a result of an anti-religious movement launched by the Marxist government in the 1930s, about three-quarters of the Khalkha Mongols became either non-religious or atheists.
Today, a number of Khalkha Mongols have returned to the beliefs of their forefathers. Shamans are once again called upon to cure the sick or alleviate evil spirits through divination, oracles, and astrology. A combination of Buddhism and Shamanism has survived, especially among the elderly. Obos, heaps of stones thought to be inhabited by local spirits, can still be seen on almost every hilltop. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/2020 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
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2020.05.25 02:48 ringkichardthethrid [EVENT] Royal Thai Navy Plan 2035

The current structure of the Royal Thai Navy is inefficient and overgrown, with too many different overlapping levels of bureaucracy, and a bloated staff. The Navy's doctrine is unfocused and unclear, while much of its equipment is dated, and from a bewildering range of ship classes and weapons types. This White Paper, with an implementation period of 10 years, will see the Royal Thai Navy transformed into an effective, modern, and efficient force capable of conducting the full spectrum of warfighting missions in a joint, networked, and multi-domain manner. The paper outlines the changes to be made;

Mission statement

The core missions of the Royal Thai Navy will be the following;

Royal Thai Fleet Command

The Royal Thai Fleet Command will retain control over the bulk of the Thai Navy’s combat vessels. However, the command and its subordinates will be reduced by one rank for senior billets, as part of a reduction in the number of admirals and flag officers across the armed forces, with Fleet Command becoming a 3-star billet instead of the previous 4-star billet. Additionally, Fleet Command will lose its control over the RTN Air Division, RTN Special Warfare Command, RTN Training Squadron and the Coast Guard Squadron, the former two becoming separate independent commands, the Training Squadron being merged with Training and Education Command, and the last being split up.
Submarine Squadron
The Submarine Squadron will comprise two S26T Yuan-class submarines, and up to six Chalawan-class midget/coastal submarines. Two submarine divisions will be established, one based on the Andaman Sea at Phanggan Naval Base and one in the Gulf of Thailand at Sattahip, each with one S26T and three Chalawan-class boats.
Frigate Squadron
The Frigate Squadron will comprise a total of eight warships in two divisions, comprising;
Corvette Squadron
The corvette squadron will contain 10 modern frigates of a single class, to be spread over ten years. The class that has been chosen will be the French Gowind-1000 class. The Squadron will feature three divisions of three, with one flagship.
Patrol Squadrons
1st Patrol Squadron shall comprise eight OPVs, four each of the Pattani and Krabi-class
2nd Patrol Squadron will be responsible for inshore patrol, with a total of ten M58-class patrol boats
3rd Patrol Squadron will comprise eight Yoon Youngha-class patrol vessels
4th Patrol Squadron will also comprise eight Yoon Youngha-class patrol vessels
5th Patrol Squadron will be responsible for inshore patrol, with a total of ten Hua Hin-class patrol boats
Amphibious Warfare Squadron
The Amphibious Warfare Squadron will comprise the RTN’s main power-projection capability, responsible for the dual missions of providing air support for the fleet, and also for the transport of troops and conduct of amphibious landings. The Rear-Admiral (2-star) in charge of the AWS will have the following vessels under his charge;

Naval Education, Research and Development Command

NERDC will oversee all aspects of training and education for the RTN, as well as for the development and formation of new doctrine and weapons systems. This remains unchanged from previous practice. However, a major change will be introduced in the form of the Fleet Training Squadron, removed from the Royal Thai Fleet Command. FTS will comprise the 2 Naresuan-class and 4 Chao Phraya-class frigates and converted to training duty. Other changes will be to the training and education standards.
Royal Thai Naval Academy entry will be opened up to the general public, rather than restricted to students who attend military preparatory school. The course will also be shortened from five years to four, with the introduction of additional civil subjects, resulting in more balanced education for new officers, as well as broadening their knowledge base. Opportunities for further education will also be pursued more extensively, both at home and abroad, in both civilian and military institutions.

Coastal and Air Defence Command

A reorganization of the former Anti-Aircraft and Coastal Defence Command will see a massive reduction in the number of units assigned to this command, going from six anti-aircraft battalions and three coastal artillery battalions to two anti-aircraft and one coastal artillery battalion. Additionally, CADC will divest itself of its marine conservation projects to civilian authorities, while also gaining control of the RTN Coast Guard Squadron of small patrol craft. By 2035, the command will comprise two main components.
Fleet Defence Regiment Formed from the merger of the formerly separate AA and coastal artillery regiments, the Fleet Defence Regiment will provide anti-air and coastal defence capabilities. The FDR will field six anti-aircraft and three anti-ship missile batteries, with the AA batteries providing protection of the RTN’s naval and air bases at Sattahip, U-Tapao, Songkhla (one each for the air and naval bases there), Phanggan and Phuket while the anti-ship batteries provide anti-shipping capabilities based at the naval bases at Songkhla, Sattahip and Phanggan.
Coast Guard Squadron
CGS will provide coastal patrol capabilities as well as liaising with other agencies such as the Marine Police or the Port Authority of Thailand in conducting maritime law enforcement and anti-smuggling operations. The Squadron will comprise a total of 42 patrol boats, consisting of 24 M21-class, and six each of the Tor-991, Tor-994 and M36-class patrol boats. The Squadron will comprise seven divisions of six boats each. All other vessels will be disposed.

Special Warfare Command

Special Warfare Command will be the home of the famous Royal Thai Navy SEALs. SWC will comprise three Special Warfare Groups (SWGs), each of three Teams. SWG One will provide maritime special forces capability for the Northern Gulf of Thailand, based out of Sattahip Naval Base. SWG Two will provide maritime special forces capability for the Southern Gulf of Thailand, based in Songkhla, with a fourth squadron based in Phanggan for the Andaman Sea. SWG Three will be oriented towards the maritime counter-terrorism and hostage rescue missions, providing the Royal Thai Navy with both Tier 1 and Tier 2 special forces capabilities.

Royal Thai Naval Air Service

The RTNAS will become an independent command, separate from the previously oversized Royal Thai Fleet, independently controlling all aviation assets of the Royal Thai Navy.
The Royal Thai Naval Air Service will divest itself of the Nakhon Phanom Airfield to the Royal Thai Air Force, while the Marines airstrip at Narathiwat will be transferred to the Royal Thai Army, and prioritise on the following remaining air bases;
1st Air Patrol Wing
2nd Rescue Wing
3rd Transport Wing
4th Carrier Wing
5th Marine Support Wing
6th Maritime Combat Wing

Royal Thai Marine Corps

Reduction in the size of the Corps
To properly reflect the Corps new mission in providing high-readiness, combat effective amphibious landing forces, capable of conducting the full spectrum of combat missions with modern equipment and task-organised for maximum flexibility and responsiveness. To achieve this, the follow changes will be made; - The number of infantry battalions will be reduced from nine to three - The Marine Service Support Regiment will be reduced to battalion size, with its constituent battalions reduced to company strength, resulting in one company each of medical, logistics, transport, and maintenance personnel - The Marine Artillery Regiment will be reduced to a Marine Artillery Battalion, going from 9 firing batteries to 3, and from 3 anti-aircraft batteries to 1 - The Marine Combat Support Battalion will be stood up, comprising one company each of signals, military police, and intelligence - The Marine Tank Battalion will be reduced in size, with 3 companies of 13 tanks and one command tank for a total of 40 tanks, instead of a previous establishment of 50 tanks - The Marine Security Regiment will be increased from 2 companies to 3 - A Marine Armoured Reconnaissance Battalion will be stood up, comprising 3 Armoured Reconnaissance and 1 Weapons Companies - The Marine Reconnaissance Battalions will reform with 3 Reconnaissance and 1 Force Reconnaissance companies - Overall numbers will be cut from approximately 22,000 personnel to 7,000
Changes to training & doctrine
Marine Recruit Training will increase in duration from 8 weeks to 16. Standards of physical fitness and marksmanship will be radically increased, along with training time for basic combat skills. A Basic School will be established to train all incoming officers from in leading platoons into combat, with a 20-week course being required of all newly commissioned officers. The foundation of the new Thai-American Marine College will be exploited to disseminate the latest in doctrine and training from the US. Marine officers and personnel will attend the Army’s various schools such as the infantry, cavalry, and artillery schools for their advanced training, but with specially tailored courses for their operational environment. The RTMC will no longer perform the mission of being responsible for the Eastern border of Thailand with Cambodia, a role to be handed over to the Royal Thai Army, nor will they perform counter-insurgency operations in Southern Thailand. Instead, the RTMC will become focused heavily on their amphibious landing force roles, with all training being geared towards the conduct of such operations. The RTMC’s role will be acting as either an advanced landing force capable of creating and holding a bridgehead for follow-on forces, or alternatively as an embarked reaction force to be used in the rapid reinforcement of vulnerable coastal areas.
Formation of Marine Landing Forces
The Marine Landing Force or MLF will be the new primary tactical unit of the Royal Thai Marine Corps. Acting as combined-arms forces orientated for expeditionary maneuver warfare and amphibious assaults, the MLF will be modelled on the USMC's Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs). Three such MLFs will be formed. Each MLF will comprise;
Total strength is expected to be approximately 1,600 men.
MLFs will therefore contain all the organic support to conduct independent operations for a sustained period of time. Each of the RTMC's three MLFs will rotate through an 18-month readiness cycle, with three phases of six months. In the reset phase, units will focus on individual training, then progress to the squad and platoon level. During the next phase, the readying phase, units will train at the company and then later at the MLF level, culminating in a live-fire landing exercise with the entire MLF, after which the MLF will be judged operationally ready, and will be on standby for deployment with the Amphibious Warfare Squadron. Each of the three MLFs will in turn rotate through the role of providing the standby landing force.

Divestments and investments in equipment

Royal Thai Fleet
Coastal and Air Defence Command
Royal Thai Naval Air Service
Royal Thai Marine Corps
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2020.05.18 15:08 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - The Comorian people in France (30 Days of Prayer Week 4)

Since some people always are saying that many of the countries and places I list seem so inaccessible (hint hint that is the point) "Unreached peoples are unreached for a reason. They're hard, difficult, and dangerous to reach. All the easy ones are taken." (David Platt). I decided to find a people group that is unreached in the western world for the people that want "easy". But first a little housekeeping.
First I want to remind you that some of us are fasting every Monday to fast alongside our fellow image bearers that in their time of fasting for the wrong reasons, we can fast and petition our Lord for their salvation.
Second, I want to encourage you to follow 30 Days of Prayer on instagram. Im sure they have something on Facebook or Twitter too but idk. Anyways, they post a different Muslim people group every day to pray for.
Third, just some reminder facts about Islam and Ramadan.
Islam makes up 24% of the worlds population. Thats estimated to be 1,830,983,000 people. That means nearly 1/4th of the world will be participating in Ramadan. Out of that, 85% of those people are considered unreached. That is just staggering.
Called Ramadan (or Ramazan), Muslims fast during this month from the moment when it first starts to get light until sunset. They fast as an act of faith and worship towards God, seeking to suppress their desires and increase their spiritual piety. Fasting together as a worldwide community (Ummah) affirms the brotherhood and equality of man before God. Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of the religion of Islam and one of the highest forms of Islamic worship. Abstinence from earthly pleasures and curbing evil intentions and desires is regarded as an act of obedience and submission to God (Allah is the Arabic word referring to “the one God”) as well as an atonement for sins, errors, and mistakes. The name Ramadan is derived from the Arabic word ramida or ar-ramad, denoting intense scorching heat and dryness, especially the ground. From the same word there is ramdaa, meaning “sunbaked sand” and the famous proverb kal mustajeer minar ramadaa binnar — to jump out of the frying pan into the fire. Some say it is so called because Ramadan scorches out the sins with good deeds, as the sun burns the ground. 30 Days of Prayer
Here is my post about 30 Days of Prayer for the Muslim World if you want to recap fully.

Now, introducing the Comorian People in France.

How Unreached Are They?
The Comorian people are 0% Christian. That means there are no Christians among them (though it is. very possible for there to be small handful that is not counted). Out of their 97,000 people, none of them believe in Jesus.
There is a complete New Testament in their language but not a complete Bible yet.
What are they like?
This one was tricky... Its a lot of people in one place from a different place where even then they are probably from a different place. So here is what Comorians on the Comoro Islands are like.
Over the centuries, diverse peoples have come together to form the complex cultural mix of Comoros. Contemporary Comorian culture reflects these many influences; the islands’ towns, for example, blend the architectural styles of mainland Africa, France, and the Middle East, and Comorian cuisine draws on many traditions. A culturally liberal form of Islam is the basis for religious observance during the year, and it provides the framework for daily life. Traditional Comorian women wear colourful sari-like dresses called shiromani (French chiromani) and adorn their faces with a paste of ground sandalwood and coral called msinzano (French msindanu). Social organization is generational, with religious and ritual duties falling mostly to elders, who also enjoy political dominance.
Elaborate and expensive public weddings lasting as long as three weeks are common. Typically, the unions are arranged between an older man and a younger woman, and it is the man’s responsibility to pay for the festivities as well as to provide a dowry for his bride. These events often feed the entire community, and tourists are generally welcome to attend. This custom, called grand mariage on Grande Comore, is so expensive that only the wealthiest can afford it. A man who hosts a grand mariage is thereafter considered to be a grand notable—a person of high social standing. Ali Soilih, who was president of the country in the mid-1970s, attempted to ban this practice on the grounds that it imposed needless financial stress on an already impoverished society and kept the poor from participating in political life, but he was unsuccessful.
The religious centre of Comorian culture is the mosque, but the centre of daily life is the public square, often merely a tiny plaza nestled behind apartment houses at the end of a maze of alleyways. In the public squares on Grande Comore, men gather to one side, ranked by clan, age, and social status, so that the most-honoured have the best seats; on another side, sometimes separated by a wooden or fabric partition, sit women, similarly ordered by status. There they meet to share news and opinions, drink tea, and play chess and the game of mraha wa ntso. Students of Comorian society note that younger people of both sexes often prefer to gather in restaurants, clubs, and discotheques, and there is concern that the public square will dwindle in importance and perhaps even disappear within a generation or two.
Comorian cuisine is a mix of East African root-based stews and Indian Ocean (in particular South Asian and Indonesian) rice-based curry dishes. Locally grown spices such as vanilla, coriander, cardamom, and nutmeg figure heavily in regional cuisine, as do fresh fish and mutton. French styles have also influenced the Comorian table. Britannica
And in case you don't live in the West, here is what the French in France live like
France functions like most of the developed countries of the world. The larger cities are more metropolitan and offer the most modern conveniences while the rural areas are more sedate and modern conveniences are less plentiful. French people are known for possessing a bit of an attitude when it comes to receiving tourists and visitors. A visitor who attempts to converse in the French language may find a more enjoyable exchange with the locals.
France, like most of Europe, is considered 'post-Christian' by many evangelical theologians. What many would consider as 'Bible believing' ministries may be hard to find in most cities. However, small groups of grass-roots missionaries and evangelical church planters may be found in some areas. Joshua Project
So I am not saying this is by any means an accurate look at life of the Comorians in France, but I imagine that these two mixed gives you a good idea. Keep in mind that minority populations usually always experience persecution of some sort, as well it is likely that the Comorians see trouble getting work or establishing themselves in the country.
History Lesson
Comorians are a blend of settlers from the past: Iranian traders, mainland Africans, Arabs, and Malagasy. Because of poor economic conditions, the Comoro Islands receive monetary and technical support from other countries. Some Comorians move elsewhere to earn a living. The Comoro Islands were a French colony between 1841 and 1975, so it's much easier for Comorians to go to France than other Western nations. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
Local legends claim that Islam came to the Comoros during the days of the Prophet Mohammed, suggesting that the people identify with Islam. Islam probably came to the Comoro Islands with Muslim traders, just as it had in many other parts of Africa and Asia. There have been powerful Comorian leaders in both the 1700s and the 1900s who have actively tried to see their subjects convert to Islam.
Today the Comorians in the Comoro Island and France are Muslim. However, France is a very secular environment, and that mindset could be affecting Comorians. Comorians in France are either depending on following the ways of Islam or forsaking religion altogether. Both groups have not put their faith in Jesus Christ. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
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2020.05.11 16:17 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - The Bedouin people in Jordan (30 Days of Prayer Week 3)

Welcome to week 3 of 30 Days of Prayer! I made u/CiroFlexo pick a country this morning and he promptly forgot all the countries in the Middle East but eventually got back to me with Jordan, so without further ado, meet the Bedouin people in Jordan! But first a little housekeeping.
First I want to remind you that some of us are fasting every Monday to fast alongside our fellow image bearers that in their time of fasting for the wrong reasons, we can fast and petition our Lord for their salvation.
Second, I want to encourage you to follow 30 Days of Prayer on instagram. Im sure they have something on Facebook or Twitter too but idk. Anyways, they post a different Muslim people group every day to pray for.
Third, just some reminder facts about Islam and Ramadan.
Islam makes up 24% of the worlds population. Thats estimated to be 1,830,983,000 people. That means nearly 1/4th of the world will be participating in Ramadan. Out of that, 85% of those people are considered unreached. That is just staggering.
Called Ramadan (or Ramazan), Muslims fast during this month from the moment when it first starts to get light until sunset. They fast as an act of faith and worship towards God, seeking to suppress their desires and increase their spiritual piety. Fasting together as a worldwide community (Ummah) affirms the brotherhood and equality of man before God. Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of the religion of Islam and one of the highest forms of Islamic worship. Abstinence from earthly pleasures and curbing evil intentions and desires is regarded as an act of obedience and submission to God (Allah is the Arabic word referring to “the one God”) as well as an atonement for sins, errors, and mistakes. The name Ramadan is derived from the Arabic word ramida or ar-ramad, denoting intense scorching heat and dryness, especially the ground. From the same word there is ramdaa, meaning “sunbaked sand” and the famous proverb kal mustajeer minar ramadaa binnar — to jump out of the frying pan into the fire. Some say it is so called because Ramadan scorches out the sins with good deeds, as the sun burns the ground. 30 Days of Prayer
Here is my post about 30 Days of Prayer for the Muslim World if you want to recap fully.

Now, introducing the Bedouin People in Jordan

How Unreached Are They?
The Bedouin people in Jordan are 0.01% Christian. That means (that I have to do math...) that out of their population in Jordan (1.4 million) there are probably only around 140 believers. That is one believer for every ten thousand unbeliever!
They do have portions of Scripture translated in their language but they do not have a full New Testament even.
What are they like?
As with all large people groups, this is a broad generalization and not a necessarily accurate picture of all the peoples in this people group
Bedouin life is generally pastoral, raising camels, sheep, goats and cattle. They normally migrate seasonally, depending on grazing conditions. In winter, when there is some rain, they migrate deeper into the desert. In the hot, dry summer time, they camp around secure water sources. Bedouins define themselves as members of tribes and families. People are divided into social classes, depending on ancestry and profession. Passing from one class to another is relatively feasible, but marriage between a man and a woman of different classes is difficult.
Traditionally, the Bedouin's home, the tent, is divided into three sections by curtains: the men's section, the family section and the kitchen. In the men's area, guests are received around the hearth where the host prepares coffee on the fire. This is the center of Bedouin social life. Tea is served as a welcome drink; coffee is usually prepared after the meal and is the last drink before the guest leaves. The serving of food and drink represents the generous hospitality of the host. The men pass the evening trading news and discussing their animals. Separated from them by a curtain, the women gather in the family area and kitchen along with their small children to bake bread and prepare the main meal. A dinner of rice and chunks of mutton or lamb are then served to the gathered guests.
Women occupy a very important position in Bedouin society. Not only do they raise the children, herd the sheep, milk the animals, cook, spin yarn and make the clothes, but they also weave the cloth that constitutes the tent. The Bedouin men gather around the fire, sharing stories and sipping coffee. They might discuss falconry, the saluki greyhound and Arabian stallions, all animals the Bedouins are credited with raising, as well as other matters of importance to the tribe. Traditionally, one of the men recites poetry or sings. To mark the end of the evening, the host burns incense in a mabkhara (incense burner) passing it to each of his guests to inhale and fan their clothes. Poetry has been a central cultural form of expression for the Bedouins throughout their history. In early centuries of Islamic history, Bedouin poetry represented the ideal standard for other literary achievements, as well as for the Arabic language. The traditional foods of the Bedouin are dairy products and meat. Bedouins sell and barter products in order to obtain agricultural food from sedentary peoples.
Bedouin society has a strict code of honor which dictates proper behavior for all members, including children. Because of the demanding nature of the Bedouin lifestyle, children are expected to assume a considerable amount of responsibility in order to help their families survive. Although modernization has changed the Bedouin lifestyle somewhat, emphasis is placed on teaching children to carry on traditional ways of life, and the advancement of modern technology is not considered important to children's education.
Modern societies have made the traditional Bedouin lifestyle less attractive since as it is demanding and often dangerous. Because of that, many tribes have settled in urban areas. It is not uncommon to see a young Bedouin building a house and living in it; however, his parents will pitch their tent in the garden, where they will live very happily until the end of their days. Governments have a strong tendency to regulate Nomadic lifestyles since it is only then that taxation works. Providing services for the people also works best in an urban setting. Today, the Arab world has one of the highest rates of urbanization in the world.
In modern Arab states and Israel, Bedouins are faced with challenges in their lifestyle, as their traditional Islamic, tribal culture has begun to mix with western practices. Men are more likely to adjust and interact with the modern cultures, but women are bound by honor and tradition to stay within the family dwelling. They therefore lack opportunity for advancement. Problems facing the Bedouin population of Israel include dispossession and the struggles connected to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Some live in townships, while others either live as squatters on land they claim as their own, or in the original 1948 refugee camps. Joshua Project
History Lesson
Bedouins traditionally live a nomadic lifestyle, spreading from the Persian Gulf to the Atlantic Ocean, and from the borders of Turkey to Yemen. The word 'bedouin' comes from the Arab word 'Bedou' that means "desert dweller." Estimates say nomadic Bedouins constitute about one-tenth of the population of the Middle East. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
All the people groups this month are Muslim people groups
Islam's prophet Mohammed was born and raised in the Bedouin tribe of the Quraish. The Qur'an, first revealed to Mohammed, was later written and compiled in the Arabic language. The first converts to Islam came from the Bedouin tribes living in and around Mecca. Therefore, Islam is embedded and deeply rooted in Bedouin culture. Although there are pockets of Christians in Bedouin tribes, by and large the word Bedouin is synonymous with being a follower of Islam. Prayer is an integral part of Bedouin life. As there are no formal mosques in the desert, they pray where they are, facing Mecca and performing the ritual washing, preferably with water. Since water is not always readily available, they 'wash' with sand instead. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.04.27 15:46 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - Nubians in Uganda (30 Days of Prayer Week 1)

Well that was an exceptionally long title, sorry guys. Welcome to week one of the UPG of the Week - 30 days of prayer for the Muslim world. So before I jump into our people group, I want to do a bit of housekeeping.
First, I want to remind you that some of us are fasting every Monday to fast alongside our fellow image bearers that in their time of fasting for the wrong reasons, we can fast and petition our Lord for their salvation.
Second, I want to encourage you to follow 30 Days of Prayer on instagram. Im sure they have something on Facebook or Twitter too but idk. Anyways, they post a different Muslim people group every day to pray for.
Third, just some reminder facts about Islam and Ramadan.
Islam makes up 24% of the worlds population. Thats estimated to be 1,830,983,000 people. That means nearly 1/4th of the world will be participating in Ramadan. Out of that, 85% of those people are considered unreached. That is just staggering.
Called Ramadan (or Ramazan), Muslims fast during this month from the moment when it first starts to get light until sunset. They fast as an act of faith and worship towards God, seeking to suppress their desires and increase their spiritual piety. Fasting together as a worldwide community (Ummah) affirms the brotherhood and equality of man before God.
Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of the religion of Islam and one of the highest forms of Islamic worship. Abstinence from earthly pleasures and curbing evil intentions and desires is regarded as an act of obedience and submission to God (Allah is the Arabic word referring to “the one God”) as well as an atonement for sins, errors, and mistakes.
The name Ramadan is derived from the Arabic word ramida or ar-ramad, denoting intense scorching heat and dryness, especially the ground. From the same word there is ramdaa, meaning “sunbaked sand” and the famous proverb kal mustajeer minar ramadaa binnar — to jump out of the frying pan into the fire. Some say it is so called because Ramadan scorches out the sins with good deeds, as the sun burns the ground.
30 Days of Prayer
Here is my post about 30 Days of Prayer for the Muslim World if you want to recap fully.

Now, introducing the Nubians of Uganda

How Unreached are they?
The Nubians are 0.00% Christian. There are likely no Christians at all among this people group in Uganda.
Not only that, but they do not have any translation work currently happening for a Bible in their language (Nubi).
What are they like?
The Nubian economy is based on agriculture. During the winter months, they grow wheat, barley, millet, beans, peas, and watermelons. Mangoes, citrus fruits, and palm dates are also part of the Nubian diet. A thin, coarse bread called dura is one of their basic staple foods. Pieces of the bread are usually piled on top of each other and eaten with vegetables and sauces, or are spread with date jelly.
In old Nubia, men migrated to the big cities to find work, while the women farmed the land, cared for the animals, and did household chores. Today, since the land is located far from their dwellings, men do most of the field work while the women work at the home. Some women have also found employment as schoolteachers, public service workers, and seamstresses. Some of the men now own grocery stores or drive cabs.
The typical Nubian house is very spacious, with several large rooms that are able to accommodate the extended family members and guests. In the center of each home is an open courtyard. The front of the house is colorfully painted with geometric patterns. Most of the paintings and decorations on the homes have religious connotations. The colorful designs are a distinctive and admired feature of Nubian culture.
The literacy rate among Nubians is high in comparison with their rural Egyptian neighbors. Primary and secondary schools have been set up in New Nubia, and there are also teacher-training facilities in the area. In addition to education, policies, radio and television are other ways in which socialization takes place among the Nubians.
For centuries, the Nubians often held lengthy religious and agricultural ceremonies. However, since relocation, the ceremonies have been shortened and are now limited to the villages. During these ceremonies, the Nubians express themselves through singing, dancing, and beating drums.
Joshua Project
History Lesson
The Nubians consist of seven non-Arab Muslim tribes which originated in the Nubia region, an area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Dongola in northern Sudan. For centuries, this territory was a crossroads between Egypt and the African tribal kingdoms.
From the 1500s until the 1800s, the Ottoman Empire encroached upon the Nubia region. As a result, many Nubians migrated to remote areas along the Nile. Distinct groups evolved and were named according to their locations. For example, those who settled near the Wadi Kenuz became known as the Kenuzi while those who settled in Dongola became known as the Dongolawi.
In the 1960s, many of the Nubian villages were flooded as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam. About 100,000 Nubians were forced to resettle in "New Nubia," 20 miles north of Aswan. Others relocated in Uganda and Kenya. Most Nubian groups speak their own dialect of the Nubian language. However, many also speak Arabic which is the common language of business and trade. Although their languages are different, each group is identical in social, economic, and cultural organization. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
Well, seeing as this is 30 Days of Prayer for the Muslim world, this one should be obvious for the next few weeks but I will fill it out anyways, since, y'know, things are more complicated than they appear.
The Nubians were converted to Christianity during the sixth century. They remained so until the gradual process of Islamization began taking place from the fourteenth until the seventeenth centuries. Today, the Nubians are almost all Muslims. However, their traditional animistic beliefs (belief that non-living objects have spirits) are still mingled with their Islamic practices.
The traditional beliefs of the Nubians were centered on the spirit of the Nile. The Nile is believed to have life-sustaining power and to hold the power of life and death within it. The people believe that the river is endowed with angels, sheiks (religious leaders), and other powerful beings. The sheiks are sought daily for their advice in the areas of health, fertility, and marriage.
The Kenuzi Nubians have an annual festival known as the "Saints Day Celebration," or moulid. This holiday reinforces the history of the Kenuzi. Gifts are presented at the ancestral shrines in the fulfillment of a promise made the previous year. Colorful processions are held during this time of celebration. Dancing, singing, and feasting are also included in the festivities. The moulid is still celebrated in New Nubia each year.Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.04.22 05:38 kai229 [Event] Our Shining Sun

BANGKOK, JULY 29TH OF 2024.

The months pass and the demonstrations are seemingly endless in Thailand. Sit-ins, strikes, marches, and a government that can barely hold itself together at this point. The Prime Minister and the King are both looking at each other nervously as the masses plead, time and time again, for the restoration of democracy in Thailand and for the Thai Party to return, in order to participate in the democratic process of Thailand.
The Prime Minister has passed a decree on July 10th of 2024 that makes the Thai Party an illegal political party, indicting the leaders of the party for “criminal mismanagement, terrorism and disturbance of peace”. It was, however, virtually impossible to find the leaders of the Thai Party; all over the place, people had built up resentment against the state and were favorable to these men, who were harbored in houses, hotels, villages and were organizing these protests wherever possible.
It was also at this moment that the first work of Chanthara Thaugsuban was released, it was merely a report on the situation in Bangkok and as such, it was aptly titled “Report on Bangkok”; the work set the ground for Thaugsuban’s ideological arguments and his hatred for the complacency of the Thai Party; fascinating excerpts for it include “the people march against the government in solidarity with us, yet the Committee does nothing to capitalize on this; we are losing ground to inaction” and “the Committee ceaselessly attempts to carouse with a government that is eager to squash it; the dogmatic nature of our Party will soon see it lined up against a wall facing the bad end of a rifle.”
This report, along with a dozen others, fell into the hands not only of the Committee, but in the hands of many party members who were quick to print it out and give to other party members, exponentially increasing the awareness of the party of the situation in many areas of Thailand - and Thaugsuban’s discontentment with the entire situation.
An address to the Party dated August 3rd of 2024 was captured on video, where Thaugsuban got into an intense argument with the President of the Party and called him “a spineless insect” whose “purpose in the planet is to be stepped on and smeared on the sidewalk”; unsurprisingly, he had to be contained in order to calm himself.

TO REBEL IS JUSTIFIED

The disappearance of Chulamai finally had a consequence to a few police officers after two of them were found with slashes and stabbings all over their bodies; it appears that the two men were overpowered by six or seven different men who then stabbed him. On the back of one of the officers was the phrase “Justice for Chulamai”, after the disappearance of the young man in May of 2024.
While this murder took place in Khon Kaen, other murders are occurring frequently all over the nation targeting police officers and a conscript soldier was also killed; these murders have been linked to a group called the 508th Brigade, supposedly the ‘assassination team’ of the Thai Party. Investigation against these groups have been getting more complicated by the second, as the population conspire against the State, which means that no perpetrator is ever found; even establishing crime scenes is complicated as the civilians are eager to throw trash and food at the police officers and forensic teams present on the scene - that is, when the body hasn’t been desecrated by the population itself.
The face of Thaugsuban was initially seen for the first time on August 10th of 2024, graffitied on a wall in Bangkok with the phrase “To Rebel is Justified” below it, an obvious reference to Chairman Mao, and it started to raise questions among the media and the ruling regime about the man drawn on the wall; while the investigation were remarkably quick and precise, showing information about Mr. Chanthara Thaugsuban, he still was nowhere to be found and it was unlikely to ever be.

THE SUN IS RED AND BLUE

It was only after August 15th that someone caught a whiff of what was going on - a writer and journalist, Antoine de La Tour, was beginning to visit a ragtag group of uniformed men that were gathering wood and distributing food to the impoverished rural workers of a small Thai village.
“I walked to the village, and with joyous elan, tricksterish, the man known only as Swinging, started to hug me repeatedly; jovial and glad to see me, he introduced me to Nanthapob Kitjakarn, a man with excellent health and intense vigor; Koratak Palathai, a scholarly man with a diplomatic disposition and Mr. Thaugsuban himself, whose face was handsomely shaped, with an imperial glow and a fatherly worry that gave even the most high-strung men, the most intense of ease. I was given free reign to walk among the leadership and the rank-and-file, party members, security, army, I was at peace in a land beyond myself.” -Excerpt from Antoine’s first draft of “Red-and-Blue Sun: A History from Thailand”.
Antoine de La Tour spent a total of three months in an undisclosed location in Thailand, interviewing and composing a literary work on his experiences in Thailand and with the Thai Party. One of the more fascinating lines of the book was “with a staunch dedication to democracy and freedom, these men live like outlaws due to the infinite tentacles of totalitarianism; I still recall the eyes of the movement’s Lincoln-esque figure, Thaugsuban, moistening once or twice when recalling his dead comrades” and Antoine was told that “We don't kill captured enemies, we re-educate them and give them a chance to repent”.
Under these three months, all of the 27,000 words captured from Thaugsuban’s mouth, it was translated from Thai to French, then reviewed in French and then converted back to Thai for reviewing, before carefully being translated back into French, exactly as Thaugsuban desired for his words to be spoken.
It was on the November 22nd of 2024 that Antoine left Thailand on a plane for France, and it was on December 14th of 2024 that Red-and-Blue Sun: A History from Thailand was published in French, Thai and English; it was an automatic hit in Thailand for many reasons - the humanization of the Thai Party, its human, humorous, outgoing leadership and disciplined, patriotic army and the portrayal of Thaugsuban as “a poet and a fiery leader” whose “purpose is to see a bright future for his people, free of the injustices of the Thai government”; the book also had several poems of Thaugsuban and even a picture of Antoine and the now-leader of the nationalist Thai movement.
submitted by kai229 to Geosim [link] [comments]


2020.04.20 14:04 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Monday 20th April

Good morning from the UK. I am late today but with good reason, my wife has had a really tough time this weekend with mental health (she is on meds for OCD, anxiety and Bipolar Type 2). Lockdown is tough for us all, but believe me it’s harder still for those with pre-existing mental difficulties. It could be worse, one of her friends (who has been sectioned before for mental breakdowns) is having to manage her mental health whilst fulfilling her duties as an A&E (ER) doctor in Wales. How my wife’s friend does it I have no idea, the stories coming out of UK hospitals are deeply disturbing (this link is 2 weeks old).

Anyway, onto supply chain; this morning I read an article from Forbes about the problems supply chain disruptions can cause. Here’s a lengthy quote:
“Our firm recently polled executives at major corporations around the world to ask them about the operational risks they perceived to their supply chains, and the response strategies they had in place. The results were enlightening. Executives identified a broad range of risks (see chart below), from volatile commodity prices (which 43% considered a major challenge), to protectionism (31%), to piracy (just 7%). That executives identified such a broad range of risks told us that global supply disruption is indeed a top-of-mind issue for managers of global corporations.
When we asked a subsequent question about the strategies in place to mitigate these risks (see chart below), we found no favorites. Rather executives were across the board, choosing a number of different approaches, but not necessarily those best suited to the operational risks they were facing: 33% of respondents indicated that they would make no changes to their supply chains, 20% intended to decrease the number of production locations, and 15% planned to increase the same; and a range of other options as well.
Given the nature of the modern, global corporation and the complex supply network that has developed around it, it is unsurprising that executives have not aligned on a unified strategy to mitigate supply chain risk. No longer does a supply chain consist of a simple process from factory to warehouse to delivery (if indeed it ever did). Rather, as new sources of supply have arisen, new markets have opened, and companies have sought greater scale and specialization. Supply chains have evolved into a network of hundreds of suppliers, sub-contractors and distribution centers, adding tremendous complexity…
...I was recently at a conference of supply chain executives in the United States who told me that planning is dead – the best they could hope to do was respond to risks as they arose. Who has the time, and what is the benefit, of planning in a world of continuous change, demand-driven marketing, and intense pressure for instantaneous responses?...
...In an environment where changes in global supply chain can be as sudden as they are unscripted, companies have to arm themselves with both foresight and peripheral vision, an understanding of the long-term, and agility to deal with the short-term. More than ever, companies have to provision for multiple scenarios and they can only do that by engaging in a dynamic and multi-dimensional scenario-based strategic planning process.”
----------
I like the last two paragraphs of the article in particular. In case anyone wants to read the rest of the article, it’s dated May 2010 and written in reaction to the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull and the chaos it caused to supply chains around the world. Plus ça change; it seems some boardrooms didn’t adjust their supply chains after that black swan event (maybe due to the cost and the resulting negative shareholder pushback). Link to the story.

Virus news in depth

Our Pandemic Summer: The fight against the coronavirus won’t be over when the U.S. reopens. Here’s how the nation must prepare itself. - The Atlantic has written a lengthy article about what the mid-long term looks like for the US in relation to getting back to normal after Covid-19. “I think people haven’t understood that this isn’t about the next couple of weeks,” said Michael Osterholm, an infectious-disease epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota. “This is about the next two years.” The article goes on to look at the pharmaceutical supply chain; “According to a University of Minnesota analysis, about 40 percent of the 156 drugs that are essential parts of critical care are becoming limited. Many of these depend on supply chains that involve China (where the pandemic began), Italy (the hardest-hit region in Europe), or India (which halted several exports)” … “Albuterol, the drug used in asthma inhalers, is scarce. Antibiotics, which control the secondary bacterial infections that afflict COVID-19 patients, are being depleted. Basic painkillers and sedatives, which are needed to keep patients on ventilators, are being exhausted. Hydroxychloroquine, the drug that Trump has repeatedly touted as a COVID-19 treatment despite a lack of good evidence, is running out, to the detriment of people with lupus and arthritis who depend on it. “It’s like everything we give to patients, we’re in short supply of,” said Esther Choo, an emergency physician at Oregon Health and Science University. “We’re now scrambling to find the backup medications, and we’ll run out of those too.””
(cont’d) If it turns out that, say, 20 percent of the U.S. has been infected, that would mean the coronavirus is more transmissible but less deadly than scientists think. It would also mean that a reasonable proportion of the country has some immunity. If that proportion could be slowly and safely raised to the level necessary for herd immunity—60 to 80 percent, depending on the virus’s transmissibility—the U.S. might not need to wait for a vaccine. However, if just 1 to 5 percent of the population has been infected—the range that many researchers think is likelier—that would mean “this is a truly devastating virus, and we have built up no real population immunity,” said Michael Mina, an epidemiologist and immunologist at Harvard. “Then we’re in dire straits in terms of how to move forward.” The article is lengthy and also discusses options for reopening the economy and society in the USA.

Virus news in brief


My usual sources are as normal The Guardian and CNN live blogs unless otherwise specified.















Personal note: If you are on the Eastern seaboard of the US and in a hurricane prone area, it would be a good idea to review your hurricane plans and supplies now, e.g do you have a generator and does it work, spare fuel, batteries, candles, do you have enough long life food already stored + cleaning products, do you have an alternative method of cooking food, what’s your evacuation plan, etc etc. See https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-plan for help with this and note FEMA is already under a lot of strain due to the virus and would thus likely struggle with a major hurricane impact on the US seaboard - see also this USA Today article dated 6th April this year on that topic).



Supply chain news in depth


Susceptibilities of Solar Energy Supply Chains - The Global policy journal has written a detailed review of the supply chain disruption faced by the solar panel industry here. Whilst manufacturing was significantly reduced from January to March in China (down 13.5%) and is now almost fully recovered, its reliance on materials from around the world mean the supply chain is exposed in other parts. China has the majority market share in the mining or processing of most minerals used in solar panels, such as: silicon, aluminum, selenium, tellurium, arsenic, cadmium, and gallium. However, China still depends on many other countries to complete their solar panels, such as Peru for copper, Saudi Arabian oil for energy, and Japan for silicon wafers. In mid-March, Chinese owned mining company MMG Ltd reduced operations at its Peruvian copper mine after Peru declared a state of emergency in response to the coronavirus. Due to the damaged mining link in the supply chain, an initial spike in solar module price is expected due to shortages of materials for solar wafers and module glass, affecting the solar industry for months to come. Kangping Chen, the CEO of the top solar module supplier in the world, JinkoSolar, stated that around 400-500MW of Q1 2020 shipments are likely to be postponed to Q2 2020. The 500 MW postponement is approximately 14% of JinkoSolar’s 3.6GW quarterly solar panels production last year. The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) stated that “before the pandemic hit, the solar industry was poised to set a record for deployment in 2020,” with solar installers being America’s fastest growing profession. A new SEIA survey now suggests cancellation rates for residential solar systems in the US are now at 19%, with postponement rates hitting upwards of 50% in some areas.

Illinois adjusts on the fly to meet medical supply needs in a coronavirus ‘Wild West’ - The Chicago Sun Times details a story from about two weeks ago where Illinois officials tracked down a supply of 1.5 million potentially life-saving N95 respirator masks in China through a middleman in the Chicago area and negotiated a deal to buy them. One day before they were expecting to complete the purchase, they got a call in the morning from the supplier informing them he had to get a check to the bank by 2 p.m. that day, or the deal was off. Other bidders had surfaced. Realizing there was no way the supplier could get to Springfield and back by the deadline, Illinois assistant comptroller Ellen Andres jumped in her car and raced north on I-55 with a check for $3,469,600. That’s just a taste of the “Wild West” world of emergency procurement taking place over the past several weeks as the state fights for equipment and supplies to protect frontline workers and patients in the battle against COVID-19. Most of that work is being performed by Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s administration through a rapid-procurement strike team, pulling together procurement specialists from around state government under the auspices of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. As Pritzker has made clear at his daily briefings, it’s an effort made all the more difficult by the absence of a strong, coordinated White House response. That’s left Illinois competing against other states, foreign nations and even our own federal government for the same materials. They’re all looking for what we have come to know as PPE or personal protective equipment — masks, gloves, gowns and face shields — plus coronavirus testing kits and swabs and, most prized of all, ventilators to help those most seriously ill keep breathing.

SWABS, STAT! Inside the Maine factory racing to supply America with virus test swabs. - If you’ve ever used a home DNA kit, opened wide and said “ahh,” or measured the depth of a knife wound in a stabbing victim, chances are you’ve used a device made by Puritan Medical Products Co, says Bloomberg. And if you’re tested for Covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, it’s quite likely that the swab used to collect a sample from inside your nose will have been made by Puritan, too. Located in Guilford, Maine (population 1,521), Puritan is one of two companies that make essentially all of the swabs used for coronavirus testing. (The other, Copan Diagnostics Inc., is in Italy, an epicenter of the deadly virus.)
(Cont’d) “Swabs could be a weak link in broadening testing,” former U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb tweeted on March 16. That was four days after Puritan first started getting calls from the U.S. government, according to Timothy Templet, executive vice president for global sales, who entered the conversations himself shortly thereafter. “I’ve been on the phone since Saturday with many government organizations—Health and Human Services, FDA, working groups—just trying to provide accurate information regarding the ability to produce as many swabs for the country as we possibly can,” he says. The federal government, however, doesn’t buy directly from Puritan. Instead it helps coordinate with Puritan and other medical suppliers and distributors to get the swabs where they need to go. “We are ramping up to produce and wrap a million swabs a week that we need to put into the supply chain across the U.S.,” Templet says. His problem? Not enough machines or labour to meet demand.

**In Pursuit of PPE (**Or if you prefer, “how I managed to buy some PPE on the American black market for my hospital”) - The New England Journal of Medicine is not something I often read (Actually I’ve never read it before in my life) but this article caught my eye: As a chief physician executive, I rarely get involved in my health system’s supply-chain activities. The Covid-19 pandemic has changed that. Protecting our caregivers is essential so that these talented professionals can safely provide compassionate care to our patients. Yet we continue to be stymied by a lack of personal protective equipment (PPE), and the cavalry does not appear to be coming. Deals, some bizarre and convoluted, and many involving large sums of money, have dissolved at the last minute when we were outbid or outmuscled, sometimes by the federal government. Then we got lucky, but getting the supplies was not easy.
(Cont’d) A lead came from an acquaintance of a friend of a team member. After several hours of vetting, we grew confident of the broker’s professional pedigree and the potential to secure a large shipment of three-ply face masks and N95 respirators. The latter were KN95 respirators, N95s that were made in China. We received samples to confirm that they could be successfully fit-tested. Despite having cleared this hurdle, we remained concerned that the samples might not be representative of the bulk of the products that we would be buying. Having acquired the requisite funds — more than five times the amount we would normally pay for a similar shipment, but still less than what was being requested by other brokers — we set the plan in motion. Three members of the supply-chain team and a fit tester were flown to a small airport near an industrial warehouse in the mid-Atlantic region. I arrived by car to make the final call on whether to execute the deal. Two semi-trailer trucks, cleverly marked as food-service vehicles, met us at the warehouse. When fully loaded, the trucks would take two distinct routes back to Massachusetts to minimize the chances that their contents would be detained or redirected.
(Cont’d) Hours before our planned departure, we were told to expect only a quarter of our original order. We went anyway, since we desperately needed any supplies we could get. Upon arrival, we were jubilant to see pallets of KN95 respirators and face masks being unloaded. We opened several boxes, examined their contents, and hoped that this random sample would be representative of the entire shipment. Before we could send the funds by wire transfer, two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents arrived, showed their badges, and started questioning me. No, this shipment was not headed for resale or the black market. The agents checked my credentials, and I tried to convince them that the shipment of PPE was bound for hospitals. After receiving my assurances and hearing about our health system’s urgent needs, the agents let the boxes of equipment be released and loaded into the trucks. But I was soon shocked to learn that the Department of Homeland Security was still considering redirecting our PPE. Only some quick calls leading to intervention by our congressional representative prevented its seizure. I remained nervous and worried on the long drive back, feelings that did not abate until midnight, when I received the call that the PPE shipment was secured at our warehouse.

Supply chain news in brief








Good news section


Deserted Thai beaches lure rare turtles to build most nests in 20 years - Thailand has found the largest number of nests of rare leatherback sea turtles in two decades on beaches bereft of tourists because of the coronavirus pandemic, environmentalists say. In Thailand, with 2,765 infections and 47 deaths, travel curbs ranging from a ban on international flights to an appeal to citizens to stay home have brought a collapse in tourist numbers, but freed up the beaches for wildlife. The 11 turtle nests authorities have found since last November were the highest number in 20 years, said Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, the director of the Phuket Marine Biological Center. “This is a very good sign for us because many areas for spawning have been destroyed by humans,” he told Reuters. No such nests had been found for the previous five years. Leatherbacks are the world’s largest sea turtles. They are considered endangered in Thailand, and listed as a vulnerable species globally by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They lay their eggs in dark and quiet areas, scarce when tourists thronged the beaches. People have also been known to dig into their nests and steal eggs. (link)

Minnesota trooper's roadside gesture during traffic stop brings doctor to tears - A state trooper pulled over a doctor for speeding on an east-central Minnesota interstate, told her she should know better and sent her on her way grateful for receiving only a warning and not a ticket. The trooper also gave her a fistful of coveted N95 medical masks that were issued for his protection from the deadly coronavirus pandemic. “I burst into tears,” Dr. Sarosh Ashraf Janjua, a Boston native and cardiologist, wrote in a detailed Facebook account of the traffic stop on March 21 along Interstate 35 in North Branch as she traveled from work in Duluth for a break in Minneapolis. “I think he teared up a little as well before wishing me well and walking away.” Janjua also saw the masks handed to her as having value beyond their role in stemming the virus’ spread. “This complete stranger, who owed me nothing and is more on the front lines than I am, shared his precious masks with me, without my even asking,” she wrote. “The veil of civilization may be thin, but not all that lies behind it is savage. We are going to be OK.” (Star Tribune link)
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